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Denag was a 5th-century Sasanian queen (banbishn). She was the wife of the king (shah) Yazdegerd II (r. 438–457). Her origins are unknown, though given that her name had previously been used by Sasanian princesses, Denag may have been born a member of the royal family.[1]

Queen regent of the Sasanian Empire
SpouseYazdegerd II
IssuePeroz I
Hormizd III

When Yazdegerd I died in 457, Hormizd III ascended the throne at Ray. His younger brother Peroz I, with the support of the powerful Mihranid magnate Raham Mihran, fled to the northeastern part of the empire and began raising an army in order to claim the throne for himself.[2][3] The empire thus fell into a dynastic struggle and became divided; the mother of the two brothers, Denag temporarily ruled as regent of the empire from its capital, Ctesiphon.[2]

Peroz eventually emerged victorious during the struggle, and became the new king of the Sasanian Empire. Hormizd, and three members of his family were killed.[4]


  1. ^ Brosius.
  2. ^ a b Kia 2016, p. 248.
  3. ^ Pourshariati 2008, p. 71.
  4. ^ Shahbazi 2004, pp. 465–466.


  • Brosius, Maria. "WOMEN i. In Pre-Islamic Persia". Encyclopaedia Iranica, Vol. London et al.
  • Daryaee, Touraj (2008). Sasanian Persia: The Rise and Fall of an Empire. I.B.Tauris. pp. 1–240. ISBN 0857716662.
  • Gignoux, Philippe (1994). "Dēnag". Encyclopaedia Iranica, Vol. VII, Fasc. 3. p. 282.
  • Pourshariati, Parvaneh (2008). Decline and Fall of the Sasanian Empire: The Sasanian-Parthian Confederacy and the Arab Conquest of Iran. London and New York: I.B. Tauris. ISBN 978-1-84511-645-3.
  • Shahbazi, A. Shapur (2004). "Hormozd III". Encyclopaedia Iranica, Vol. XII, Fasc. 5. pp. 465–466.
  • Kia, Mehrdad (2016). The Persian Empire: A Historical Encyclopedia [2 volumes]: A Historical Encyclopedia. ABC-CLIO. ISBN 978-1610693912.