Defne Ayas (born 1976) is a curator, educator, and publisher in the field of contemporary art and its institutions. Ayas directed and advised many institutions and collaborative platforms across the world, including in China, South Korea, United States, Netherlands, Russia, Lithuania and Italy. She is known for conceiving exhibition and biennale formats within diverse geographies, in each instance composing interdisciplinary frameworks that provide historical anchoring and engagement with local conditions. Until June 2021, Ayas was the Artistic Director of 2021 Gwangju Biennale, together with Natasha Ginwala.
|Occupation||Curator, Board member of Stedelijk Museum; Rijksakademie; Ephesus Foundation; Sabanci Museum; Protocinema; The New Centre for Research & Practice|
|Known for||13th Gwangju Biennale, 6th Moscow Biennale, Kunsthalle for Music, Art in the Age of..., WdWReview, Mindaugas Triennial, PERFORMA.|
She was the director of the Witte de With Center for Contemporary Art in Rotterdam (2012-2017). Towards the end of her tenure in 2017, she announced that the institution had to change its name to dissociate itself from its namesake, the Dutch naval officer Witte Corneliszoon de With. The institution’s decision to change its name was immediately politicized, causing a flurry of controversy in the Netherlands. The decision for a name change was triggered by an Open Letter to Witte de With published on 14 June 2017 by Egbert Alejandro Martina, Ramona Sno, Hodan Warsame, Patricia Schor, Amal Alhaag, and Maria Guggenbichler, and the debates that followed.
As announced by the Gwangju Biennale Foundation, Defne Ayas together with Natasha Ginwala served as the Artistic Directors of the 13th edition of the Gwangju Biennale, in 2020. The curatorial duo announced their plans around the exhibition concept around Minds Rising, Spirits Tuning, that laid emphasis on the dialectical space between communal and artificial intelligence shaped by feminist, queer and indigenous knowledge. The exhibition had to be postponed due to Covid19 pandemic to April 2021.
At Witte de With (2012-2017), Ayas oversaw a diverse exhibition and publication program devoted to established and emerging visual artists, writers, and filmmakers from across the globe. With her tenure starting, she commissioned and curated long-term research projects, solo and group exhibitions and ambitious live performance programs, including Kunsthalle for Music by Ari Benjamin Meyers (2017-2018), The Music of Ramon Raquello and his Orchestra by Eric Baudelaire (2017), Öğüt & Macuga by Ahmet Öğüt and Goshka Macuga (2017), The Ten Murders of Josephine by Rana Hamadeh (2017), As If It Were by Bik Van der Pol(2016), Relational Stalinism -The Musical by Michael Portnoy (2016), three-part Art in the Age of…series (with focus on energy and raw materials, asymmetric warfare and planetary computation) (2015), Bit Rot by Douglas Coupland (2015), Character is Fate by Willem de Rooij (2015), Moderation(s) by artist Heman Chong (with Spring, Hong Kong, 2012-2014); Dai Hanzhi: 5000 Artists (with UCCA, Beijing, 2014); The Humans – a theatrical play by writer and artist Alexandre Singh – and its monthly summits Causeries (2012-2013); the open archive and collection Tulkus 1880 to 2018 by artist Paola Pivi (with Castello di Rivoli and Arthub Asia, 2013-2018), Blueprints by Qiu Zhijie (2012) as well as the award-winning exhibition The Temptation of AA Bronson (2013).
Ayas worked on a number of biennial projects such as: Artistic Director of 2020 Gwangju Biennale, together with Natasha Ginwala, curator of the Pavilion of Turkey  in the 56th International Art Exhibition, Venice Biennale; co-curator the 6th Moscow Biennale ACTING IN A CENTER IN A CITY IN THE HEART OF THE ISLAND OF EURASIA (with Nicolaus Schafhausen and Bart de Baere); curator of the 11th Baltic Triennale  (with Benjamin Cook, LUX, in collaboration with artists Ieva Misevičiūtė and Michael Portnoy ); co-curator of the Istanbul and Bandung city pavilions as part of the Intercity Project of the 9th Shanghai Biennale. Ayas also served as a curatorial advisor to the 8th Shanghai Biennale (China), and as a publication advisor to the 8th Gwangju Biennale (South Korea) in 2010.
Ayas has been a curator of Performa, the biennial of visual art performance of New York founded by RoseLee Goldberg, since its inception in 2005. At Performa, Ayas organised numerous projects and programs with an international roster of acclaimed artists, architects, and writers; while overseeing biennial’s architecture, writing and print programs and its consortium relations. She remains a Curator-at-Large (as of 2012).
Ayas also co-founded several independent initiatives, including Arthub Asia – an Asia-wide active research and production initiative (with Davide Quadrio) (2007), producing exhibitions and live productions including operas and performances, within the context of China and rest of Asia. Prior to joining Arthub Asia and Performa, she worked as the Public Programs Coordinator of New Museum of Contemporary Art, New York, especially artists presentations and critical debates relating to contemporary art and new media. (2003-2005)
Ayas is the founding co-curator (with late Neery Melkonian) of Blind Dates Project – an artistic platform that is dedicated to tackling what remains of the peoples, places and cultures of the Ottoman Empire (1299-1923).
She served on many juries including 2019 Venice Biennale International Jury, Prince Claus Awards, and The Eliasson Global Leadership Prize of the Tällberg Foundation. Ayas is currently a Board member of Stedelijk Museum Amsterdam, the Rijksakademie (Amsterdam); Tällberg Foundation; The New Centre for Research & Practice, Collectorspace (Istanbul), Sabanci Museum (Istanbul), and Protocinema (Istanbul); and was also a curator at large of Spring Workshop (Hong Kong). (2013-2017)
Ayas launched Witte de With’s new online platform WdWReview in 2013, with global editorial desks in Moscow, Istanbul, Delhi/Calcutta, Shanghai, Cairo, and Athens. She is currently, together with writer and curator Adam Kleinman, the Chief Editor of the journal.
She is publisher, editor and contributor to a number of books including:
- Stronger Than Bone(2021) by Defne Ayas, Natasha Ginwala and Jill Winder
- Minds Rising, Spirits Tuning(2021) by Defne Ayas and Natasha Ginwala
- Blessing and Transgressing: A Live Institute (2018) by Defne Ayas
- Wdw Review Vol.1.1: Arts, Culture, and Journalism in Revolt (2017) by Defne Ayas and Adam Kleinman
- Wdw Review Vol.1: Arts, Culture, and Journalism in Revolt (2017) by Defne Ayas and Adam Kleinman
- How to Gather: Acting Relations, Mapping Positions (2017) by Defne Ayas and Bart De Baere
- Were It As If (2017) by Defne Ayas and Bik Van Der Pol
- Causeries (2016) by Alexandre Singh
- Unicorns in a Blueprint (2016) by Qiu Zhijie 
- Art in the Age of... (2015) 
- Bit Rot (2015) by Douglas Coupland
- Character Is Fate (2015) Piet Mondrian’s Horoscope (Willem de Rooij)
- Respiro by Sarkis (2015)
- End Note(s): Moderation(s) 2012-2014 (2015)
- Erik van Lieshout: Home South (2015)
- Performa 13 (2015)
- The Crime Was Almost Perfect (2014)
- Performa 11: Staging Ideas (2013)
- Performa 09: (2011)
- The Making of Meeting (2013)
- Füsun Onur (2013)
- Performa (2007)
In addition, Ayas has published in art magazines and journals such as Mousse, Yishu Journal, and Creative Time Reports.
Ayas holds a B.A. in Foreign Affairs at University of Virginia and MPS from the Interactive Telecommunications Program New York University. Ayas also completed De Appel Curatorial Programme in Amsterdam in 2005.
- "GWANGJU BIENNALE APPOINTS DEFNE AYAS AND NATASHA GINWALA ARTISTIC DIRECTORS OF THIRTEENTH EDITION".
- Andrew Russeth (14 September 2011). "Rotterdam's Witte de With Museum Picks Performa's Defne Ayas as Director". Observer.2012-2017,
- "Dutch Art Museum Chooses to Change Its Colonialist Name". hyperallergic.com. 11 September 2017. Retrieved 2020-07-24.
- "Defne Ayas and Natasha Ginwala appointed Artistic Directors of 13th Gwangju Biennale".
- "13th Gwangju Biennale takes shape". 2 October 2019.
- "South Korea's Gwangju Biennale Has Been Postponed Until Next Year, Adding to the Crush of Shows in 2021". 12 May 2020.
- Mitter, Siddhartha (May 2020). "Art Biennials Were Testing Grounds. Now They Are Being Tested". The New York Times.
- Siegal, Nina (24 January 2018). "These Gallery Walls Are Empty. Here, You Listen to the Art". The New York Times.
- Douglas Coupland (3 September 2015). "Douglas Coupland: Bit Rot art show in Rotterdam". WIRED.
- Smith, Roberta; Burke, Siobhan (15 November 2013). "Performance Art That Looks a Lot Like Theater". The New York Times.
- "Paola Pivi - Tulkus 1880 to 2018 -".
- "A 'self-portrait' of AA Bronson, by many artists in many rooms". The Globe and Mail.
- "2020 Gwangju Biennale". 14 March 2019.
- "Pavilion of Turkey 2015". iksv.org.
- "'Respiro' opens at Turkish Pavilion in Venice - ARTS". hurriyetdailynews.com.
- Kate Sutton. "Kate Sutton at the 6th Moscow Biennale". artforum.com.
- Erskine Design. "Frieze Magazine - Archive - Archive - 11th Baltic Triennial of International Art". frieze.com. Archived from the original on 2015-10-31.
- "Performa". performa-arts.org.
- © ifa and Universes in Universe. "Blind Dates Project. Nafas Art Magazine". universes-in-universe.org.
- "Venice Biennale Appoints International Jury for 2019 Awards". artnews.com. 2019-04-11.
- "WdW Review". wdwreview.org.
- "Amazon.com: defne ayas". amazon.com.
- "Qiu Zhijie: Unicorns in a Blueprint - Publications - Program - FKA Witte de with".
- "Latest from Witte de with Publishers | e-flux". Archived from the original on 2015-12-11. Retrieved 2015-12-10.
- "Character is Fate | Cornerhouse". Archived from the original on 2015-08-08. Retrieved 2015-11-04.