De Noord (Rotterdam)

De Noord (English: The North) was a tower mill located on the Oostplein [nl] in Rotterdam, Netherlands. It was built between 1695 and 1711 as a replacement for a post mill which had stood at the site since around 1562. De Noord was used as a malt mill until the nineteenth century, when it switched to grinding grain for animal feed.[1]

De Noord
Oostplein molen De Noord 1920.jpg
De Noord in 1920
Coordinates51°55′24.46″N 4°29′49.32″W / 51.9234611°N 4.4970333°W / 51.9234611; -4.4970333Coordinates: 51°55′24.46″N 4°29′49.32″W / 51.9234611°N 4.4970333°W / 51.9234611; -4.4970333
Year built1711
PurposeMalt mill, later grain mill
TypeTower mill
Year lost1954

The mill was almost demolished in 1919, but intervention by the city council saved it. The mill was one of the only buildings to survive the German bombing of Rotterdam in World War II and during the Nazi occupation of the Netherlands, it became a symbol of Dutch resistance.[2]

De Noord suffered in a fire over the night of 27-28 July 1954 and, despite being well-insured, was demolished soon after due to the extent of the damage and because the mill would get in the way of traffic. There was a campaign for the mill to be rebuilt soon after which raised 20,000 guilders, but the plan was rejected by the city council by 22 votes to 18.[1][3]

Frans Blok, a Rotterdam designer, launched a new campaign to rebuild De Noord as part of a redesign of the Oostplein in 2020. According to Blok, it would improve the Oostplein by giving it more green space and would be comparable to mills that had been rebuilt elsewhere in the Netherlands, such as the Molen De Kameel in Schiedam. In Blok's plans, the mill would not be built on its original site, as the Oostplein metro station now lies under it.[3]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ a b "De Noord/ Oostpoortmolen/ Korenaar, Rotterdam". Molen Database. Retrieved 17 July 2021.
  2. ^ Helen Hill Miller (October 1960). "Rotterdam - Reborn from Ruins". National Geographic. 118 (4): 537.
  3. ^ a b Emile van de Velde (12 August 2020). "'Bouw molen De Noord op het Oostplein weer op en maak er een écht plein van'". De Havenloods [nl] (in Dutch). Retrieved 17 July 2021.