Day of the Dupes
Day of the Dupes (in French: la journée des Dupes) is the name given to a day in November 1630 on which the enemies of Cardinal Richelieu mistakenly believed that they had succeeded in persuading King Louis XIII of France to dismiss Richelieu from power. The actual day is thought to have been on the 10th, 11th, or 12th of the month.
In November 1630, the political relations between the cardinal and the queen mother, the Italian-born Marie de' Medici, reached a crisis. In a stormy scene on 10 November, in the Luxembourg Palace, Marie de' Medici and the cardinal met in the king's presence. The queen mother demanded the cardinal's dismissal, declaring that the king had to choose between him and her.
No immediate decision came from this conference, but the king retired to his hunting lodge in Versailles. Richelieu seems to have believed that his political career was over, but the intercession of influential friends saved the minister from impending disgrace. While the apartments of the Luxembourg Palace were thronged by the cardinal's enemies celebrating his fall, Richelieu followed the king to Versailles, where the monarch assured him of continued support. Marie eventually exiled herself to Compiègne.
The "Day of the Dupes," as this event was called, marks the complete restoration of the cardinal to royal favor.
A historical novel by Stanley J. Weyman, Under the Red Robe (adapted into film in 1915, 1923 and 1937) concerns the Day of the Dupes. The Day of Dupes also forms the plot in Alexandre Dumas' novel The Red Sphinx.
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- Weyman, Stanley John (1906). Under the Red Robe. New York City: Longmans, Green and Co. Retrieved 12 July 2016. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- Batiffol, Louis (1925). La journée des dupes. Paris: Hachette. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- Chevallier, Pierre (1978). "La Véritable journée des Dupes (11 novembre 1630)". Mémoires de la Société académique de l'Aube (in French). 108. Troyes: Paton. pp. 193–253. OCLC 690381003.
- Church, William Farr (2015). "Richelieu's Adversaries: Factions of the Great, 1629–1632". Richelieu and Reason of State. Princeton University Press. pp. 197–235. ISBN 978-1-4008-6774-5.
- Mongredien, Georges (1961). La Journee des Dupes, 10 novembre 1630. Trente journees qui ont fait la France (in French). Paris: Gallimard. OCLC 930492781.