Day Forest National Park
|Day Forest National Park|
It has four dominant tree species: Juniperus procera, Olea africana, Buxus hildebrantii, and Tarchonanthus camphoratus. Doum Palms are found in the western part of the plain of Hanle, at the foot of Gamarré on the edge of the plain of Gagadé. The vegetation becomes more abundant with altitude. Thus the set of Day and its extension to the crest of Goda are occupied by an ancient juniper forest, ficus, mimosa, wild olive trees, boxwood, dragon trees, and other native plants.
This is the largest forest in Djibouti. The forest has a total area of approximately 14500 acres. The most valuable part of national park is 2223 acres large stand of East African junipers Juniperus procera which grows in the heights above 950 m. Junipers here reach height of 20 m, but many trees have died off in recent decades, while the boxwood B. hildebrantii is expanding in their stead.
Notable animals found here include the Djibouti spurfowl (Pternistis ochropectus), a population of green-winged pytilia that may actually be a distinct species or subspecies (Pytilia (melba) flavicaudata), as well as the mysterious and undescribed Tôha sunbird—Djibouti sunbird (Chalcomitra sp. indet.). All of these birds do not occur outside of and are endemic to Djibouti, and except for the Francolin they have only ever been found within Day Forest.
The forest as a whole has been under long-term environmental threat. 88% of the Day Forest has been lost over the last two centuries, and more than 20% of the loss has occurred during the last 50 years.
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