David S. Blondheim

David Simon Blondheim (25 August 1884 in Baltimore – 19 March 1934 in Baltimore)[1] was a professor of Romance philology at the Johns Hopkins University[2] and a scholar of medieval Jewish texts in Romance languages.[3]

Early life and educationEdit

Blondheim received an A.B. in 1906 and a Ph.D. in 1910 from the Johns Hopkins University, [1] with study in Paris at the École des Hautes Études.[4] He was Associate Professor of Romance Languages at the University of Illinois (Urbana-Champaign)[5] when, in 1917, he was appointed to the faculty at the Johns Hopkins University.[6]


Blondheim was a major figure in the study of Jewish varieties of medieval Romance languages[7] and researched Jewish medieval writings, particularly Hebraico-French texts,[8] and was the author of many books about early translations of Jewish texts.[9] He carried on the research of Arsene Darmesteter into rabbinical glosses.[10] He was also an important scholarly editor.[8]

A substantial survey of Blondheim's life and work appeared as David L. Gold, 'Towards a Prosopography of David Simon Blondheim (1884-1934),' Jewish Language Review (Haifa, Israel: Association for the Study of Jewish Languages), vol. 6 (1986), 185–202. An extensive bibliography[11] was published elsewhere.

"Blondheim's papers are in the National and University Library, Jerusalem" (Gold, op. cit., p. 202), as well as at the George Washington University in Washington, D.C.

Personal lifeEdit

He was married twice. He and his first wife had a son (Hillel Blondheim); they later divorced. He then married Eleanor Lansing Dulles[2] in December 1932. Their son (David Dulles) was born after his father's suicide.[12]


  • D. S. Blondheim, Contribution à la lexicographie française d’après des sources rabbiniques (Paris: Champion, 1910). (Ph.D. thesis, The Johns Hopkins University.)
  • David Simon Blondheim, A Brilliant and Eccentric Mathematician, The Johns Hopkins Alumni Magazine 9.2 (Jan. 1921), pp. 119–140. General Books, 978-1-235-59885-2[13] [A biographical article about James Joseph Sylvester.] See also D. S. Blondheim, 'James Joseph Sylvester,' Jewish Comment (Baltimore) May 25, 1906.
  • Kadimah, a publication of the Intercollegiate Zionist Association of America, David S. Blondheim, ed. (New York: Federation of American Zionists, 1918).[14]
  • D. S. Blondheim, Louis Hiram Levin: Zionist Statesman, Jewish Times (Baltimore), June 29, 1923.
  • D. S. Blondheim, Les parlers judéo-romans et la Vetus Latina: étude sur les rapports entre les traductions bibliques en langue romane des Juifs au moyen âge et les anciennes versions (Paris: Champion, 1925).
  • D. S. Blondheim, "Essai d’un vocabulaire comparatif des parlers judéo-romans." In D. S. Blondheim, Les parlers judéo-romans et la Vetus Latina: étude sur les rapports entre les traductions bibliques en langue romane des Juifs au moyen âge et les anciennes versions (Paris: Champion, 1925).
  • D. S. Blondheim, Poèmes judéo-français du moyen-âge, publiés et étudiés par D. S. Blondheim (Paris: Champion, 1927).
  • A. Darmesteter et D. S. Blondheim, Les gloses françaises dans les Commentaires talmudiques de Raschi, 2 vols. (Paris: Champion, 1929–1937).
  • D. S. Blondheim, Liste des manuscrits des Commentaires bibliques de Raschi, Revue des études juives 91 (1931), 71 et seq. and 155 et seq.
  • David Simon Blondheim, Notes on the Italian Words in the Aruch Completum (New York: Alexander Kohut Memorial Foundation, 1933).
  • Unfinished and apparently unpublished: D. S. Blondheim, "a study of Raschi's Biblical glosses." (Reported in Gold, op. cit., p. 191.)


  1. ^ a b Guide to the David Simon Blondheim papers, 1924–1981, Special Collections Research Center, The George Washington University
  2. ^ a b Stephen Glain (15 August 2012). State Vs. Defense: The Battle to Define America's Empire. Broadway Books. pp. 146–. ISBN 978-0-307-40842-6.
  3. ^ Gold, David L. (1986). "Towards a Prosopography of David Simon Blondheim (1884-1934)". Jewish Language Review. 6: 185–202.
  4. ^ Shimeon Brisman (2000). A History and Guide to Judaic Dictionaries and Concordances. KTAV Publishing House, Inc. pp. 35–. ISBN 978-0-88125-658-1.
  5. ^ The Alumni Quarterly of the University of Illinois 4.3 (1910), p. 242.
  6. ^ Transactions of the Board of Trustees, University of Illinois [Urbana-Champaign], 1916, p. 273.
  7. ^ Paul Wexler, Judeo-Romance Linguistics: A Bibliography (New York: Routledge, 2014), p. xi
  8. ^ a b Kirsten A. Fudeman (6 June 2011). Vernacular Voices: Language and Identity in Medieval French Jewish Communities. University of Pennsylvania Press. pp. 6–. ISBN 0-8122-0535-9.
  9. ^ James K. Aitken; James Carleton Paget (31 October 2014). The Jewish-Greek Tradition in Antiquity and the Byzantine Empire. Cambridge University Press. pp. 138–. ISBN 978-1-107-00163-3.
  10. ^ Yakov Malkiel (4 November 1993). Etymology. Cambridge University Press. pp. 100–. ISBN 978-0-521-31166-3.
  11. ^ H. H. Shapiro, A Bibliography of the Publications of David S. Blondheim, Publications of the Modern Language Association 49, No. 4 (1934), 1199-1201.
  12. ^ Dulles, Eleanor Lansing — American National Biography Online
  13. ^ Lewis Samuel Feuer (1974). Einstein and the Generations of Science. Transaction Publishers. pp. 99–. ISBN 978-1-4128-2235-0.
  14. ^ Jonathan D. Sarna; Ellen Smith; Scott-Martin Kosofsky (2005). The Jews of Boston. Yale University Press. pp. 255–. ISBN 978-0-300-10787-6.

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