Das Schloß[a] (The Castle, literally: The palace) is a 1992 German-language opera by Aribert Reimann. He wrote his own libretto based on Kafka's novel and its dramatization by Max Brod. It premiered on 2 September 1992 at the Deutsche Oper Berlin, staged by Willy Decker and conducted by Michael Boder.
|Opera by Aribert Reimann|
|Based on||Das Schloss|
by Franz Kafka
2 September 1992
Aribert Reimann composed several literary operas, Ein Traumspiel after August Strindberg, Melusine after Ivan Goll, Lear after Shakespeare, Die Gespenstersonate again after Strindberg, and Troades after Euripides. For his sixth opera, Reimann turned to Kafka's novel. As in the earlier works, he wrote his own libretto, this time based on both the novel and its dramatization by Kafka's friend Max Brod. Asked in interview why he turned to the literature of a past time, he said that the topic is timeless: a stranger arrives in a community that rejects him, and an apparatus observes him. Asked about the technical difficulties of his vocal writing, he responded that the lines are written to express emotions and character, as Mozart's Queen of the Night sings virtuoso coloratura for expression, not for superficial glamour.
|Role||Voice type||Premiere cast|
2 September 1992
Conductor: Michael Boder
|Wirt (innkeeper)||bass||Friedrich Molsberger|
|Wirtin (his wife)||contralto||Isoldé Elchlepp|
|Adrianne Pieczonka||soprano||Adrianne Pieczonka|
A reviewer of the premiere for Die Zeit describes the lines of divided strings as a labyrinth, as a formal reflection of the protagonist's ways in the village that he enters as a stranger with a job mission. The same lines, with rhythmic variations, is repeated in the end, as a frame for the work, and as an image for an endless sound, transcending K.'s death.
The leading role of K. is sung by a baritone in the opera. Reimann wrote the opera, as his earlier ones, for voices. He grew up in a singing family and worked often as an accompanist for singers, and as an academic teacher for singers, which prepared him to consider their requirements in an opera.
- The title was originally Das Schloß, but references, including a recording, often use Das Schloss according to the German orthography from 1996.
- Herbort, Heinz Josef (11 September 1992). "Franz Kafkas Roman "Das Schloß" als Musiktheater: Aribert Reimanns sechste Oper in Berlin uraufgeführt: Rundtanz um den Tabernakel der Bürokratie". Die Zeit (in German). p. 23. Retrieved 4 August 2017.
- "Das Schloss" (in German). Opera-guide. Retrieved 4 August 2017.
- Kennedy, Joyce; Kennedy, Michael; Rutherford-Johnson, Tim, eds. (2013) . "Reimann, Aribert". The Oxford Dictionary of Music (6th ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/acref/9780199578108.001.0001. ISBN 9780199578108.
- "Ich wollte Schlager schreiben". Der Spiegel (in German). 31 August 2016. Retrieved 4 August 2017.
- Kutsch & Riemens 2004, p. 5311.
- Herzfeld, Isabel (4 March 2016). "Aribert Reimann zum 80. / Der Seelenverwandler". Der Tagesspiegel (in German). Retrieved 4 August 2017.
- "Das Schloß". Schott Music. 1992. Retrieved 27 July 2019.
2. September 1992 Berlin, Deutsche Oper (D) Berliner Festwochen 1992
- "Reimann: Das Schloss (opéra)" (in French). clicmusique.com. 1996. Retrieved 14 September 2017.