Darmstadt Nord station

Darmstadt Nord (north) station is a junction station in the city of Darmstadt in the German state of Hesse. The passenger station, which is served by trains of the Odenwald Railway (German: Odenwaldbahn) and the Rhine-Main Railway (Rhine-Main-Bahn), has four platform tracks. Running parallel and north of the station are two additional tracks for freight traffic.

Darmstadt Nord
Deutsche Bahn
Through station
Darmstadt Nordbahnhof, Nordostansicht.jpg
Eastern side
General information
LocationFrankfurter Str. 127, Darmstadt, Hesse
Germany
Coordinates49°53′32″N 8°39′14″E / 49.89222°N 8.65389°E / 49.89222; 8.65389Coordinates: 49°53′32″N 8°39′14″E / 49.89222°N 8.65389°E / 49.89222; 8.65389
Owned byDB Netz
Operated byDB Station&Service
Line(s)
Platforms4
Other information
Station code1127[1]
DS100 codeFDN[2]
IBNR8001375
Category5[1]
Fare zoneRMV: 4001[3]
Websitewww.bahnhof.de
History
Opened1912
Passengers
2,500
Services
Preceding station   DB Regio Mitte   Following station
RB 75
Rhine-Main Railway
Preceding station   VIAS   Following station
Terminus
RE 80
Odenwald Railway
Terminus
RB 81
Odenwald Railway
toward Eberbach
Terminus
RB 82
Odenwald Railway
toward Eberbach
Location
Darmstadt Nord is located in Hesse
Darmstadt Nord
Darmstadt Nord
Location within Hesse

ArchitectureEdit

The Darmstadt Nord station building was built from 1909 to 1912 as part of the realignment of the railways around Darmstadt to serve the employees of the Merck company. The listed station was built in a traditional style of architecture typical of the early 20th century, according to the design of the head of planning of the railway divisions of Mainz (a joint division of the Prussian state railways and the Grand Duchy of Hesse State Railways), Frederick Mettegang. The entrance building is at ground level and is built above the tracks and is connected by stairs to its two platforms. The southern platform canopy is built out of iron in a neoclassical design from the early years of the railway in Darmstadt. It comes from an unknown station and was rebuilt at the new Darmstadt Nord station.

Transport significanceEdit

 
Western side

The lines towards Darmstadt Central Station (Hauptbahnhof) and Frankfurt and towards Babenhausen and Reinheim meet in the station. In addition, a freight link, which is about seven kilometres long, runs from Stockschneise junction (towards Weiterstadt) to Darmstadt-Kranichstein with connections towards Darmstadt Central Station and towards Arheiligen and Frankfurt.

Initially the station was a not a rail junction station. The lines from the Odenwald and the Rhine-Main Railway from Aschaffenburg ran on separate routes to Darmstadt Hauptbahnhof. After the Second World War, it changed into a junction station when the original route of the Odenwald railway was dismantled and its trains were diverted to the tracks of the line to Aschaffenburg from the Hauptbahnhof.

In 2005, the passenger tracks of the Odenwald railway were connected east of the station to the track of the Rhine-Main Railway running towards Darmstadt, which was in turn connected to the freight line. This rebuilding, costing €9 million, made it possible for trains from the Odenwald railway to run directly via the so-called Frankfurt curve (Frankfurter Kurve), which was originally intended only for freight traffic towards Arheilgen, so that they could continue on to Frankfurt.[4] This meant that it was now classified as a Kreuzungsbahnhof (crossing station), as passenger services could now branch on both sides of the station.

The flyover of Frankfurter Straße runs parallel to the alignment of the Darmstadt Nord station building over the tracks; bus and tram services operate over it.

Darmstadt Nord station is a local transport node. It is served by regional train services to Wiesbaden, Darmstadt Hbf, Aschaffenburg, Frankfurt, Erbach and Eberbach, as well as tram lines 6, 7, 8 (all running between Merck and Eberstadt) and bus route R (between Darmstadt Nord station and Darmstadt Böllenfalltor) operated by the Darmstadt municipal transport company, HEAG mobilo.

DB Regio has operated Regionalbahn service RB 75 on the Rhine-Main Railway since the summer of 2008 with double-deck sets hauled by Class 143 locomotives. Services on the Odenwald Railway are operated by VIAS with Itino diesel multiple units.

Rail servicesEdit

The station is served by three services on the Odenwald Railway, each operating every two hours: Regional-Express service RE 65 between Darmstadt Hbf and Erbach, Stadt-Express service SE 65 between Frankfurt Hbf and Eberbach and Regionalbahn RB 65 between Darmstadt Hbf and Erbach. It is also served by RB 75, running every hour (during peak hours every 30 minutes) from Wiesbaden via Mainz to Groß Gerau and continuing through Darmstadt to Aschaffenburg.

Line Route Frequency
RB 75 Rhein-Main-Bahn
Wiesbaden HbfMainz HbfGroß GerauDarmstadt HbfBabenhausenAschaffenburg Hbf
Mon-Sat: Hourly, Sun: 2 hourly
RE 80 Odenwaldbahn
Darmstadt HbfDarmstadt NordReinheim (Odenw)Groß-Umstadt WiebelsbachErbach (Odenw)
Every 2 hours
RB 81 Odenwaldbahn
Darmstadt Hbf – Darmstadt Nord – Reinheim (Odenw) – Groß-Umstadt Wiebelsbach – Erbach (Odenw) – Eberbach
Every 2 hours
RB 82 Odenwaldbahn
Frankfurt HbfDarmstadt Nord – Reinheim (Odenw) – Groß-Umstadt Wiebelsbach – Erbach (Odenw)
Every 2 hours

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Stationspreisliste 2022" [Station price list 2022] (PDF) (in German). DB Station&Service. 7 February 2022. Retrieved 13 March 2022.
  2. ^ Eisenbahnatlas Deutschland (German railway atlas) (2009/2010 ed.). Schweers + Wall. 2009. ISBN 978-3-89494-139-0.
  3. ^ "Tarifinformationen 2021" (PDF). Rhein-Main-Verkehrsverbund. 1 January 2021. p. 133. Retrieved 8 April 2021.
  4. ^ "Chronology for 25 April 2005" (in German). odenwald-bahn.de. Retrieved 21 June 2012.
  • Landesamt für Denkmalpflege Hessen, Friedr. Vieweg & Sohn Verlagsges, ed. (1994). Stadt Darmstadt. Kulturdenkmäler in Hessen. Denkmaltopographie Bundesrepublik Deutschland (in German). Braunschweig: Theiss Verlag. p. 156ff. ISBN 3-528-06249-5.