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Daniel Bashiel Warner (April 19, 1815 – December 1, 1880) served as the 3rd President of Liberia from 1864 to 1868. Prior to this, he served as the 5th Vice President of Liberia under President Stephen Allen Benson from 1860 to 1864, and as the 3rd Secretary of State in the cabinet of Joseph Jenkins Roberts from 1854 to 1856.

Daniel Bashiel Warner
Daniel Warner2.jpg
3rd President of Liberia
In office
January 4, 1864 – January 6, 1868
Vice PresidentJames M. Priest
Preceded byStephen Allen Benson
Succeeded byJames Spriggs Payne
5th Vice President of Liberia
In office
January 2, 1860 – January 4, 1864
PresidentStephen Allen Benson
Preceded byBeverly Page Yates
Succeeded byJames M. Priest
3rd Secretary of State
In office
1854–1856
PresidentJoseph Jenkins Roberts
Preceded byJohn N. Lewis
Succeeded byJames Skivring Smith
Personal details
Born(1815-04-19)April 19, 1815
Baltimore County, Maryland, United States
DiedDecember 1, 1880(1880-12-01) (aged 65)
Liberia
Political partyRepublican

Contents

BackgroundEdit

Warner, an African-American, was born on Hookstown Road in Baltimore County, Maryland to a father who was a farmer and ex-slave who acquired his freedom one year before Warner was born.[1][2]

Warner's date of birth is unclear. Some records show that he was born on April 19, 1815.[1] However, American Colonization Society documents list him as age nine when he emigrated to Liberia, with eight relatives, on the ship Oswego in 1823.[2] That would put his birth year as 1814.

A member of the Americo-Liberian elite, he also served as a member of the Liberian House of Representatives[3], as Speaker of the House of Representatives 1848-1849.[4], and Liberian Senate.[5] In 1877, he became an agent of the American Colonization Society.[6]

He also wrote the lyrics to the Liberian national anthem, which the country officially adopted when it became independent from the American Colonization Society in 1847.[7]

Presidency (1864–1868)Edit

Warner's main concern as President were his government's relationship with the area's indigenous people, particularly those in the interior of the country. He organized the first expedition into the dense forest, led by Benjamin J. K. Anderson. In 1868, Anderson traveled into Liberia's interior to sign a treaty with the king of Kingdom of Koya.[8] He took careful notes describing the peoples, the customs, and the natural resources of those areas he passed through, writing a published report of his journey. Using the information from Anderson's report, the Liberian government moved to assert limited control over the inland region.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Death Of A Liberian President,New York Times, March 13, 1881
  2. ^ a b Roll Of Emigrants That Have Been Sent To The Colony Of Liberia, Western Africa, By The American Colonization Society And Its Auxiliaries, To September 1843 Archived 2008-07-05 at the Wayback Machine
  3. ^ Emma Jones Lapsansky Werner & Margaret Hope Bacon. Back To Africa
  4. ^ Dunn, D. Elwood (4 May 2011). "The Annual Messages of the Presidents of Liberia 1848–2010: State of the Nation Addresses to the National Legislature". Walter de Gruyter – via Google Books.
  5. ^ American Colonization Society, "Information About Going To Liberia With Things Which Every Emigrot Ought To Know", 1852
  6. ^ Michele Mitchell, Righteous Propaganda
  7. ^ Streissguth, Thomas. Liberia In Pictures
  8. ^ http://www.sierra-leone.org/Heroes/heroes2.html

External linksEdit