Daniel Bambang Dwi Byantoro

Daniel Bambang Dwi Byantoro (Chinese: 曹衡进; pinyin: Cáo Héngjìn; born in Java, 1956) is an Indonesian archimandrite as well as founder of the Indonesian Orthodox Church. He served in Most Holy Trinity Parish, Banjarsari, Surakarta and Sts. Peter & Paul Parish in Jalan Lengkong Raya, Serpong, South Tangerang, Banten.[1]

Daniel Bambang Dwi Byantoro
Archimandrite of Indonesia
Архимандрит Даниил (Бьянторо).jpg
ChurchChurch of the Genuine Orthodox Christians of Greece (Formerly: Indonesian Orthodox Church)
PredecessorOffice established
Personal details
Daniel Bambang Dwi Byantoro

DenominationEastern Orthodox Church (early Sunni Islam, previously Protestantism)
Alma materProtestant Theological Seminary, the Asian Center for Theological Studies and Mission

Early lifeEdit

Byantoro was born to a middle-class family in Indonesia.[2] He was brought up by his maternal grandfather. He studied the Koran, and received Islamic teaching. According to his claim, he was converted to Charismatic Christianity, when Christ appeared to him during his evening Islamic prayers.[2]

In 1978, he studied in Protestant Theological Seminary, the Asian Center for Theological Studies and Mission, (ACTS) in Seoul, South Korea. In 1982, he found The Orthodox Church by Kallistos Ware in a bookshop in Seoul, who introduced the Eastern Orthodox Church to him. On September 6, 1983, he converted to the Orthodox Church with the blessing of Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople, Patriarch Demetrios and Metropolitan Bishop Dionysius of New Zealand and crismated by Archimandrite Sotirios Trambas (Zelon Bishop, serving in Korea).[3]

He completed his education in Korea, then travelled to Greece and the United States before returning to Indonesia.[3]


On June 8, 1988, Byantoro began ministry in Indonesia. The first person who he converted to Orthodox Church was an ex-Muslim man named Muhammed Sugi Bassari, baptized as Photios, in April 1989.[3]


Theologically speaking, Archimandrite Daniel Byantoro has used the existing thought patterns of Indonesian culture to package Orthodox teaching within the Indonesian mental set up. Just as the Church Fathers had to face Greek paganism, Judaism, and Gnosticism in order to present the Gospel intelligibly to ancient peoples, Orthodox theology faces similar challenges in the context of the Indonesian mission. Those challenges are the Islamic strand that has similarities with Judaism, the Hindu-Buddhistic strand that has similarities with Greek paganism, the Javanese-mystical strand called "Kebatinan" (the "Esoteric Belief") that has similarities to Gnosticism. (It is a blend of ancient shamanistic-animism on the one hand and Hindu-Buddhistic mysticism and Islamic Sufism on the other, and is divided into many mystical denominations and groups, just like Gnosticism was.), and the secularistic-materialistic strand of the modern world.[4][5]


Having never been canonically released from the Orthodox Metropolitanate of Hong Kong and Southeast Asia, at present Fr. Daniel is officially regarded as being defrocked by OMHKSEA [6]

In 2019, he and some of the clergy left ROCOR and joined the Church of the Genuine Orthodox Christians of Greece.[7]


  1. ^ Contact Archived 2018-04-23 at the Wayback Machine - Monachos Corner
  2. ^ a b Profil Arkhimandrit Daniel Byantoro (by: Fr. Kyrillos Junan SL) Archived 2018-04-08 at the Wayback Machine - Monachos Corner.
  3. ^ a b c Archmandrite Daniel B.D. Byantoro. History: The Birth of the Orthodox Church in Indonesia Archived 2018-02-10 at the Wayback Machine.
  4. ^ "Daniel (Byantoro)". OrthodoxWiki. Archived from the original on 5 January 2019. Retrieved 5 January 2019.   Material was copied from this source, which is available under a Attribution-ShareAlike 2.5 Generic (CC BY-SA 2.5) Archived 2011-02-23 at the Wayback Machine license and the GNU Free Documentation License Archived 2019-01-08 at the Wayback Machine (GFDL).
  5. ^ Incarnational Approach to Orthodoxy in Indonesia: An Interview with Fr.Dionysios (Rm.Dionisius Surya Halim) and his presbytera Artemia Rita Archived 2016-03-11 at the Wayback Machine. Orthodoxy in China.
  6. ^ "Daniel (Byantoro) - OrthodoxWiki". Archived from the original on 2019-01-05. Retrieved 2019-01-05.
  7. ^ "ROCOR Statement" (PDF). ROCOR. Retrieved 25 April 2022.
Eastern Orthodox Church titles
Preceded by
Position established
Archimandrite of Indonesia of the Indonesia Orthodox Church
Succeeded by