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Damophon (Greek: Δαμοφῶν; fl. 2nd century BC) was an ancient Greek sculptor of the Hellenistic period from Messene, who executed many statues for the people of Messene, Megalopolis, Aegium and other cities of Peloponnesus. His statues were acroliths. Considerable fragments, including three colossal heads from a group by him representing Demeter, Persephone, Artemis and the Titan Anytos, were discovered on the site of Lycosura in Arcadia, where there was a sanctuary of the goddess Despoina, The Mistress. They were preserved in part in the National Archaeological Museum of Athens and partly at a small museum on the archaeological site.[1] Damophon also restored Phidias' statue of the Greek god Zeus, which had been damaged in an earthquake. There has been some debate about his dates but recent work at Messene where other works of his have been found indicated a date around 190 BC for his floruit seems likely rather than the later one that used to be proposed.

More information about the life of Damophon, and about his work for various other Greek cities, has been provided by an inscription found at Messene, which was uncovered by archaeologists in two parts, in 1972 and 1989.[2][3]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^   One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Damophon". Encyclopædia Britannica. 7 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 790.
  2. ^ English translation at attalus.org.
  3. ^ Melina Melfi, Damophon of Messene in the Ionian coast of Greece (in Hellenistic Sanctuaries: Between Greece and Rome, OUP, 2016).