Dactylorhiza traunsteineri

Dactylorhiza traunsteineri, the narrow-leaved marsh orchid or Traunsteiner's dactylorhiza, is a terrestrial species of orchid native to the cooler parts of the Eastern Hemisphere. It is native to Scandinavia, the Alps, and a region extending from Germany to Western Siberia.[1][2][3] Although said by some sources to occur in Britain and Ireland, others say that plants identified as this species are actually Dactylorhiza majalis subsp. traunsteinerioides,[4] a view supported by genetic data.[5]

Narrow-leaved marsh orchid
Dactylorhiza traunsteineri 12.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Orchidaceae
Subfamily: Orchidoideae
Genus: Dactylorhiza
D. traunsteineri
Binomial name
Dactylorhiza traunsteineri
(Saut. ex Rchb. f.) Soó (1962)
  • Orchis traunsteineri Saut. ex Rchb. (1831) (Basionym)
  • Dactylorchis traunsteineri (Saut. ex Rchb.) Verm. (1947)
  • Dactylorhiza majalis subsp. traunsteineri (Saut. ex Rchb.) H. Sund. (1980)
  • Orchis curvifolia F.Nyl.
  • Dactylorchis curvifolia (F.Nyl.) Verm.
  • Dactylorhiza curvifolia (F.Nyl.) Czerep.
  • Orchis recurva F.Nyl. ex Fr.
  • Dactylorhiza pycnantha (Neuman) Aver.
  • Dactylorhiza irenica F.M.Vázquez
  • Orchis ruthei M.Schulze
  • Orchis rhenana Höppner
  • Orchis wirtgenii Höppner
  • Orchis rigida Höppner
  • Orchis gracilis Höppner
  • Orchis steegeri Höppner
  • Dactylorchis ruthei (M.Schulze) Verm.
  • Dactylorchis gracilis Hesl.-Harr.
  • Dactylorhiza gracilis (Höppner) Soó
  • Dactylorhiza rhenana (Höppner) Soó
  • Dactylorhiza rigida (Höppner) Soó
  • Dactylorhiza ruthei (M.Schulze) Soó
  • Dactylorhiza steegeri (Höppner) Soó
  • Dactylorhiza suevica (A.Fuchs) Soó
  • Dactylorhiza wirtgenii (Höppner) Soó
  • Dactylorhiza bohemica Businský
  • Dactylorhiza vironii Kreutz
  • Dactylorhiza devillersiorum P.Delforge
  • also many infraspecific names

Five subspecies are recognized as of June 2014:[1]

  1. Dactylorhiza traunsteineri subsp. curvifolia (F.Nyl.) Soó - Czech Republic, Sweden, Finland, northern Russia
  2. Dactylorhiza traunsteineri subsp. irenica (F.M.Vázquez) Kreutz - Spain
  3. Dactylorhiza traunsteineri subsp. traunsteineri - most of the species range
  4. Dactylorhiza traunsteineri subsp. turfosa (F.Proch.) Kreutz - Austria, Czech Republic, Slovakia
  5. Dactylorhiza traunsteineri subsp. vosagiaca Kreutz & P.Wolff - Germany


  1. ^ a b c Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  2. ^ Griebl, N. (2008). Vorkommen und verbreitung der gattung Dactylorhiza in Österreich. Berichte aus den arbeitskreisen heimische orchideen 25(2): 80-118.
  3. ^ Altervista Flora Italiana, Orchide di Traunsteiner, Dactylorhiza traunsteineri (Saut. ex Rchb.) Soó
  4. ^ Stace, Clive (2010), New Flora of the British Isles (3rd ed.), Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, ISBN 978-0-521-70772-5, p. 876
  5. ^ Hedrén, Mikael; Nordström, Sofie & Bateman, Richard M. Bateman (2011), "Plastid and nuclear DNA marker data support the recognition of four tetraploid marsh orchids (Dactylorhiza majalis s.l., Orchidaceae) in Britain and Ireland, but require their recircumscription", Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 104 (1): 107–128, doi:10.1111/j.1095-8312.2011.01708.x

External linksEdit

  Media related to Dactylorhiza traunsteineri at Wikimedia Commons