Dactylorhiza foliosa

Dactylorhiza foliosa, the Madeira orchid[2] or leafy orchid,[3] is a species of flowering plant in the family Orchidaceae, endemic to the Portuguese Island of Madeira in the eastern Atlantic Ocean.[4] It is a tuberous herbaceous perennial growing to 60 cm (24 in) and producing spikes of intense, magenta-pink flowers in late spring.[5]

Dactylorhiza foliosa
Dactylorhiza foliosa (as Orchis foliosa) - Curtis' 84 (Ser. 3 no. 14) pl. 5074 (1858).jpg
1857 illustration[1]
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Orchidaceae
Subfamily: Orchidoideae
Genus: Dactylorhiza
Species:
D. foliosa
Binomial name
Dactylorhiza foliosa
(Rchb.f.) Soó (1962)

This plant has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit[3] (confirmed 2017).[6]

SynonymsEdit

  • Orchis foliosa Sol. ex Lowe (1831), illegitimate homonym, not Sw. 1800 nor Masson ex Ker Gawl. 1819 nor Spreng. 1826 nor Schur 1866
  • Orchis latifolia var. foliosa Rchb.f. (1851)
  • Dactylorchis orientalis subsp. foliosa (Rchb.f.) Klinge (1898)
  • Orchis orientalis subsp. foliosa (Rchb.f.) Klinge (1898)
  • Dactylorchis foliosa (Rchb.f.) Verm. (1947)
  • Orchis maderensis Summerh. (1947 publ. 1948)
  • Dactylorhiza incarnata subsp. foliosa (Rchb.f.) H.Sund. (1975)[4]

GalleryEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Walter Hood Fitch (1817-1892) del. et lith. Description by William Jackson Hooker (1785—1865) - "Curtis's Botanical Magazine" vol. 84 (Ser. 3 no. 14) pl. 5074
  2. ^ "Dactylorhiza foliosa". EPPO Plant Database. Retrieved 5 September 2019. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  3. ^ a b "RHS Plant Selector - Dactylorhiza foliosa". Retrieved 15 April 2020. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  4. ^ a b Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  5. ^ RHS A-Z encyclopedia of garden plants. United Kingdom: Dorling Kindersley. 2008. p. 1136. ISBN 1405332964.
  6. ^ "AGM Plants - Ornamental" (PDF). Royal Horticultural Society. July 2017. p. 22. Retrieved 24 January 2018. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)

External linksEdit