The D Grubu (English: Group D), is an artist collective founded in Istanbul, Turkey in 1933 by five painters (Zeki Faik İzer, Nurullah Berk, Elif Naci, Cemal Tollu, Abidin Dino) and one sculptor (Zühtü Müridoğlu).[1] The group is considered Turkey's first contemporary art movement.[2]


The group is the fourth fine arts collective established in Turkey after the Ottoman Painters Society (Turkish: Osmanlı Ressamlar Cemiyeti), Fine Arts Union (Güzel Sanatlar Birliği/Sanayi Nefise Birliği), and Independent Painters and Sculptors Association (Müstakil Ressamlar ve Heykeltıraşlar Birliği). Getting the idea from this, Nurullah Berk recommended that they call themselves after the fourth letter of the alphabet, "D".

Artist Bedri Rahmi Eyüboğlu and his wife Eren Eyüboğlu participated D Grubu art exhibitions starting in 1936.[3][4]

From an artistic perspective, their aims were to reject Impressionism, and inspired by Cubist and Constructivist to establish a strong basis for patterns.


  1. ^ "D Grubu". Milliyet Sanat. Archived from the original on 22 December 2016. Retrieved 19 December 2016.
  2. ^ "d Grubu...yeniden". Cer Modern. Retrieved 21 April 2018.
  3. ^ "Eren Eyüboğlu Hayatı ve Eserleri (1913 - 1988)". İstanbul Sanat Evi (in Turkish). 11 December 2018. Retrieved 31 July 2022.
  4. ^ "A Selection from the Collection, Eren Eyüboğlu, 1907-1988". İstanbul Modern. Retrieved 31 July 2022.