DRG Class E 94

The DRG Class E94 is an electric heavy freight locomotive built for Deutsche Reichsbahn from 1940, with the bulk of deliveries taking place in that year. It was a major evolution of the DRG Class E 93. Railway aficionados still call the type "Grünes Krokodil" (Green Crocodile) because of the resemblance to the Swiss locomotive nicknamed "Crocodile".

DRG Class E94
DB Class 194
DR Class 254
ÖBB Class 1020
E 94 579 (30.09.1985).jpg
DRG Class E 94
Type and origin
Power typeElectric
BuilderAEG, BBC, Henschel, Krauss-Maffei, Krupp, SSW, Elin, Lofag
Build date1940–1956
Total produced231
 • UICCo′Co′
Gauge1,435 mm (4 ft 8+12 in)
Length18,600 mm (61 ft 0.3 in)
Axle load20 t (20 long tons; 22 short tons)
Loco weight118.5 t (116.6 long tons; 130.6 short tons)
Electric system/s15 kV  16+23 Hz AC Catenary
Current pickup(s)Pantograph
Performance figures
Maximum speed100 km/h (62 mph)
Power output3,303 kW (4,429 hp)
Tractive effortContinuous: 178 kN (40,000 lbf),
Starting: 370 kN (83,000 lbf)


After World War II, new units were ordered and delivered as late as 1957.

Transfers to ÖBBEdit

After the war, 44 units were placed under the authority of the Austrian Federal Railways (ÖBB). In 1952, the ÖBB ordered three complementary locos. In 1954, they were classified as class 1020.