DIPAL Party (Discipline, Equality, Patriotism, Love, and Liberty), (in Spanish: Partido DIPAL, PD, Disciplina, Igualdad, Patriotismo, Amor y Libertad) [1] was a Panamanian political party.

The DIPAL Party was created by Alfredo Alemán, in 1959 "as a non-political organization to foster better relations between negroes and whites in Panama". [2]

Alfredo Alemán was a National Guard major under Commandant José Antonio Remón Cantera and later served as Minister of Finance in Remon's cabinet. [3]

In 1960 it allied with the Popular Alliance and its candidate Víctor Florencio Goytía. In 1964 it allied with the National Opposition Alliance (ANO) and its candidate Juan de Arco Galindo. [4]

In 1964 the PD registered as a political party, joining the ANO, but polled barely 3000 votes. [2]

The PD was abolished by the Electoral Tribunal in 1964. [2]


  1. ^ Las nuevas relaciones de México y Panamá Colección de testimonios, documentos, acuerdos, decretos y leyes importantes para la historia de un régimen (V. 26). Las nuevas relaciones de México y Panamá, Centro de Estudios Nacionales (Mexico). 1966. Pp. 166.
  2. ^ a b c Panama: election factbook, May 12, 1968. Washington: Institute for the Comparative Study of Political Systems. 1968. Pp. 21.
  3. ^ "El Ministerio de Economía y Finanzas". Archived from the original on 2009-10-06. Retrieved 2010-01-26.
  4. ^ Elections in the Americas : a data handbook / ed. by Dieter Nohlen, Vol. 1. [Oxford] [u.a.]: Oxford Univ. Press, 2005. Pp. 532.