The Dong Feng 4 (Chinese: 东风-4; pinyin: Dōng Fēng Sì; lit. 'East Wind 4') or DF-4 (also known as the CSS-3) is a first-generation two-stage Chinese intercontinental ballistic missile[7] with liquid fuel (Nitric acid/Unsymmetrical dimethylhydrazine). It was thought to be deployed in limited numbers in underground silos beginning in the late 1970s and early 1980s. The Dong Feng 4 has a takeoff thrust of 1,224.00 kN, a takeoff weight of 82000 kg, a diameter of 2.25 m, a length of 28.05 m and a fin span of 2.74 m. The range of the Dong Feng 4, which is equipped with a 2,190 kg nuclear warhead with 3.3 Megaton yield, with a nominal range of 5,500 km. This gives it sufficient range to strike targets as far away as Russia, India, and American bases in the Pacific.[8] The missile uses an inertial guidance system, resulting in a large CEP of 1,500 meters. As of 2017, 10–15 launchers are deployed.[9]

Place of originPeople's Republic of China
Service history
In service1975/1976[1][2]–present
Used byPLA Rocket Force
Production history
ManufacturerFactory 211 (Capital Astronautics Co.)
Unit cost?
Mass82,000 kg
Length28.05 m
Diameter2.25 m
WarheadOne,[1] or three (DF-4A)[3][4]
Blast yield3.3 Mt[1]

EngineLiquid fueled
5,500 km[5][6]
Maximum speed ?
Astro-inertial guidance
Accuracy1.5 km

History edit

Range of various Chinese missiles (2007); DF-4 range in light blue.

The decision to develop the DF-4 was made in 1965[10] in response to the U.S. ballistic missile submarine patrols that began operating out of Guam. The missile's designer has been variously identified as Ren Xinmin or Tu Shou'e [屠守锷], and it was produced at Factory 211 (Capital Astronautics Co. [首都航天机械公司], also known as Capital Machine Shop [首都机械厂]).

In 1972 US intelligence estimated an IOC for this system as being expected in 1974 or 1975. Deployment actually began in 1975–76, but only four DF-4s were believed to be in place by 1984.[11]

There were two versions of the missile developed,[12] one version housed in caves or garages to be rolled out on launch and another silo based version.

The US DoD estimates that the missile will continue to serve as a regional deterrence instrument until they can be replaced by the DF-31.[13] This will be a significant capability gain for the Second Artillery Corps. The DF-31A has a range of 11,700 kilometers (as opposed to just 7,000 for the DF-4) and is road- and rail-mobile, and thus more survivable than the silo-based DF-4.[14]

Operators edit

References edit

  1. ^ a b c The Federation of American Scientists & The Natural Resources Defense Council Chinese Nuclear Forces and U.S. Nuclear War Planning p. 202 [1]
  2. ^ PRC Defense Policy and Armed Forces, National Intelligence Estimate 13-76, November 11, 1976, p. 47.
  3. ^ "中国东风系列导弹简介". Archived from the original on 2012-08-01. Retrieved 2010-04-28.
  4. ^[permanent dead link]
  5. ^ "DF-4 - China Nuclear Forces".
  6. ^ "DF-4 - China Nuclear Forces".
  7. ^ "东风4型洲际导弹 (Dongfeng VI intercontinental ballistic missile)". Archived from the original on 2009-09-15. Retrieved 2009-07-22.
  8. ^ Diamond, Howard (July 1, 1999). "Chinese Strategic Plans Move Forward with Missile Test". Arms Control Today. Arms Control Association. ISSN 0196-125X. Archived from the original on October 19, 2019.
  9. ^ Ballistic and Cruise Missile Threat (Report). Defense Intelligence Ballistic Missile Analysis Committee. June 2017. p. 29. NASIC-1031-0985-17. Retrieved 16 July 2017.
  10. ^ U.S. Department of Defense, Office of the Secretary of Defense, The Military Power of the People’s Republic of China, 2005, 2005, p. 28
  11. ^ "DF-4 – China Nuclear Forces". Retrieved 2010-03-21.
  12. ^ U.S. Department of Defense, Office of the Secretary of Defense, The Military Power of the People’s Republic of China, 2000, 2000, p. 17.
  13. ^ U.S. Department of Defense, Office of the Secretary of Defense, Military Power of the People’s Republic of China, 2006, May 22, 2006, p. 50.
  14. ^ "DF-31/-31A (CSS-9) - Missile ThreatMissile Threat". Archived from the original on 2016-01-13.

External links edit

Preceded by DF-4 Succeeded by