Cum primum (encyclical)

Cum primum, subtitled On Civil Disobedience, is an encyclical issued by Pope Gregory XVI on June 9, 1832.[1]

The encyclical is addressed to the episcopate of the Kingdom of Poland and is primarily a condemnation of the November Uprising.[2] It was later canceled by Gregory, who apologized to Poles and said that his counselors lied to him about the uprising and that he was forced to issue it or else the bishops would be sent to labor camps.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Cum primum". Papal Encyclicals Online. Retrieved July 9, 2014.
  2. ^ Hittinger, F. Russell. "Chapter 1: Introduction to Modern Catholicism". The Teachings of Modern Christianity on Law, Politics, and Human Nature: Volume One. Columbia University Press. pp. 8–9.