The cullagium (also culagium; French: cullage, from Latin colligāre, "to collect")[1][2][3] was a tax first imposed in England and France around the pontificate of Urban II (ca. 1042 – 29 July 1099) and thereafter as part of a drive towards clerical celibacy.[4] It was a tax levied by the state on mistresses kept by clergymen.[5] This was ostensibly to discourage the keeping of such mistresses, a practice officially condemned by both Church and state, but became a convenient source of revenue to the latter.[6]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Touati, François-Olivier (August 30, 2000). Vocabulaire historique du Moyen Age: Occident, Byzance, Islam. La Boutique de l'histoire. ISBN 9782910828189 – via Google Books.
  2. ^ Bullough, Vern L.; Shelton, Brenda; Slavin, Sarah (October 1, 1988). The Subordinated Sex: A History of Attitudes Toward Women. University of Georgia Press. ISBN 9780820323695 – via Google Books.
  3. ^ Boureau, Alain (February 7, 1995). Le Droit de cuissage. Albin Michel. ISBN 9782226198709 – via Google Books.
  4. ^ Geoffrey May (1930). "Social control of sex expression". G. Allen & Unwin Ltd. pp. 99–100. {{cite web}}: Missing or empty |url= (help)
  5. ^ Geoffrey May (1930). "Social control of sex expression". G. Allen & Unwin ltd. pp. 99–100. {{cite web}}: Missing or empty |url= (help)
  6. ^ Jennifer D. Thibodeaux (2015). "The Manly Priest: Clerical Celibacy, Masculinity, and Reform in England and Normandy". University of Pennsylvania Press. p. 76. {{cite web}}: Missing or empty |url= (help)

See alsoEdit