Cuckoo Stone

The Cuckoo Stone is a Neolithic or Bronze Age standing stone. The stone, which is now fallen, is in a field near to Woodhenge and Durrington Walls in Wiltshire, England (grid reference SU14654335). It is part of the wider Stonehenge Landscape.

Cuckoo Stone
The Cuckoo Stone, Wiltshire.jpg
Map showing Woodhenge and Durrington Walls within the Stonehenge section of the Stonehenge and Avebury World Heritage Site
Cuckoo Stone
Cuckoo Stone
Map showing the Cuckoo Stone within the Stonehenge section of the Stonehenge and Avebury World Heritage Site
LocationOS SU1465433
RegionWiltshire
Coordinates51°11′21″N 1°47′30″W / 51.18923°N 1.79168°W / 51.18923; -1.79168Coordinates: 51°11′21″N 1°47′30″W / 51.18923°N 1.79168°W / 51.18923; -1.79168
TypeStanding stone
History
PeriodsNeolithic / Bronze Age
Site notes
Excavation dates2007
ArchaeologistsStonehenge Riverside Project
ConditionFallen
Public accessYes
Designated1986[1]
Reference no.373

DescriptionEdit

 
The stone, facing the east
 
The Stone, facing the west

The Cuckoo Stone is a squat sarsen stone which lies on its side.[2] It is the same type of stone as the largest stones used in the Stonehenge circle. The site of Woodhenge is around 500 metres to the east of the Cuckoo Stone, with Durrington Walls to the northeast. Stonehenge is around 2.5 kilometres to the southwest. The Cuckoo Stone was recorded by Richard Colt-Hoare on his 1810 map of the Stonehenge landscape.[3] The nearest other known sarsen stone is that found within Woodhenge during excavations in 1926-28.[3]

ExcavationsEdit

The site was excavated in 2007 as part of the Stonehenge Riverside Project.[4] The excavations revealed the pit in which the stone once sat immediately to the west.[2] The stone was originally a natural feature, which sometime before 2000 BC, was placed in an upright position.[2] A posthole was found in the pit, indicating that a wooden post had been placed in the hole for a time before being replaced by the upright stone.[2] Around 2000 BC the Cuckoo Stone became the focus for several nearby cremation burials.[2]

In the Roman era a rectangular building was constructed southwest of the Cuckoo Stone.[2] The presence of pits and a scatter of coins suggest that the building was a small shrine.[2]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ UNESCO World Heritage site No 373
  2. ^ a b c d e f g "Excavation IV - The Cuckoo Stone". Stonehenge Riverside Project: 2007. The University of Sheffield. Retrieved 16 March 2016.
  3. ^ a b "The Cuckoo Stone South-West of Durrington Walls, Stonehenge Down". National Trust Heritage Records. Retrieved 16 March 2016.
  4. ^ Historic England. "Cuckoo Stone (219606)". Research records (formerly PastScape). Retrieved 15 March 2016.