|Operating system||Windows, Unix-like, OS X|
Anonymous transactions and ring signaturesEdit
To prevent sender identification, CryptoNote groups the sender's public key with several other keys (more precisely, it groups the sender's output with several other's outputs), making it impossible to tell who actually sent the transaction. If ring signatures are used, all possible senders referenced in the transaction are equiprobable and there is no way to determine the exact private key used while signing.
Double spending protectionEdit
Bitcoin and similar currencies use a public ledger to verify that each person sending funds actually has such funds in their account and have not sent it to another user previously. Since CryptoNote currencies are anonymous, and verifies transactions using a traceable ring signature.
Egalitarian proof of workEdit
The CryptoNote’s proof of work mechanism is actually a voting system where users vote for the right order of transactions, new features in the protocol and honest money supply distribution. During the voting process every participant have equal voting rights.
Adaptive network limitsEdit
There are no hard-coded constants in CryptoNote code. Each network limit such as maximum block size, or minimum fee amount is adjusted based on the historical data of the system. Moreover, the difficulty and the maximum block size are automatically adjusted with each new block.
The CryptoNote platform has been used in several cryptocurrencies. The CryptoNote Foundation encourages developers to clone the technology. Transaction confirmation time, total number of coins and proof-of-work logic are subject to be altered in forks. Several attempts has been performed to alter core protocol: Boolberry adds address aliases and DigitalNote introduced private messaging.
Bytecoin (BCN), not to be confused Bitcoin (BTC), was the first implementation of the CryptoNote protocol launched to the public on July 4th 2012. Since launching, several improvements have been introduced including multisignature transactions and several security updates. In 2013, the original CryptoNote Java implementation was rewritten using C++.[dubious ]
The Bytecoin blockchain contains some extra information not directly related to money transfers: several blocks include geographic coordinates of universities, educational facilities among other buildings.
Monero is currently the most well known of all the CryptoNote-based cryptocurrencies and has ongoing support from the community. Forked from Bytecoin in April 2014, it has a 2-minute block target and 50% slower emission speed. Monero has been praised by Bitcoin core developers Gregory Maxwell, Peter Todd, and Wladimir J. van der Laan.
In September 2014, Monero was attacked when someone exploited a flaw in CryptoNote that permitted the creation of two subchains that refused to recognize the validity of transactions on each other; CryptoNote released a patch which Monero implemented.
Along with simplewallet Monero has numerous GUI wallet applications as well as MyMonero that was launched on November 24, 2014. Monero has also teamed up with academic cryptographers, implemented an extensive aliasing system, OpenAlias, partially funded Privacy Solution for integrating I2P in Monero, created an anonymous voting system, URS, and implemented Electrum's mnemonic seeds.
In 2014 there were several CryptoNote-based fraudulent coin launches, which exploited CrytoNote's open source code and the anonymity it provides in transactions.
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