Open main menu

Wikipedia β

Crotopus or Krotopos (Ancient Greek: Κρότωπος), in Greek mythology, was the eighth king of Argos.[1]

Contents

FamilyEdit

Crotopus was the son of Agenor and father of Psamathe and Sthenelas.[2]

MythologyEdit

According to myth, Crotopus condemned to death his own daughter Psamathe, after she gave birth to a child who was Apollo 's son. Crotopus's city of Argos was consequently punished by Apollo with a plague. There are various versions, but it is in Conon's account that the king must expiate this himself by self-exile:

Crotopus was a terrifying father to Psamathe, and she exposed the child, but the child was found and grew up as a shepherd's boy named Linus, until Crotopus's sheepdogs tore the boy apart. As Psamathe grieved over the loss of her child, Crotopus discovered about the secret child, and under the assumption she had acted like a harlot and was lying about Apollo, sentenced her to death. In retribution Apollo brought an unspecified plague (Greek: λοιμός loimos) upon Argos.[4]

Festival for Linos

An oracle prescribed the veneration of the mother and child, and the Argives held a Festival of Argis (Lamb festival) during the month of Arneios, involving women and girls singing the dirge to Linus (Linos) and the ritualized killing of dogs.

Tripodiscium

Despite this, the plague persisted. The oracle was consulted once again, and this time Crotopus was to banish himself from his own city of Argos and found a city in the Megarid; Crotopus settled here, in the city which would be named Tripodiscium (Greek: Tripodiskion).[4]

Variant tellings

Other versions, such as given by Pausanias and Statius interpolate the labors of a hero from Argos named Coroebus. In those versions, Apollo first sends a monster (called Poena[a] that snatches babies from the Argives. It is slain by this hero, who must then perform the penance of building the tripod city (which in Conon's version was carried out by Crotopus).[5][6][7]

ReignEdit

According to Eusebius, Crotopus reigned for 21 years and during his time, Phaethon's burning of Ethiopia and Deucalion's flood in Thessaly occurred. Crotopus succeeded his uncle Iasus as King of Argos upon Agenor's death while Sthenelas, his son replaced him on the throne.[1]

Regnal titles
Preceded by
Agenor
King of Argos Succeeded by
Sthenelās
CROTOPUS' CHRONOLOGY OF REIGN ACCORDING TO VARIOUS SOURCES
Kings of Argos Regnal Years Castor Regnal Years Syncellus Regnal Years Pausanias Tatian
Precessor 1525 46 winters & summers Triopas 1527 36 winters & summers Triopas 1525 Agenor or Iasus Triopas
Phoroneus 1502 21 years Crotopus 1509 24 winters & summers Crotopus 1500 Crotopus Crotopus
Successor 1481 11 years Sthenelus 1497 24 winters & summers Sthenelus 1475 Sthenelas Sthenelaus

Modern allusionsEdit

A species of butterfly, Euselasia Crotopus is possibly named after him.[8]

Explanatory notesEdit

  1. ^ Or Poinē, given by Pausanias. Left unnamed by Statius (Pache (2004), p. 70).

ReferencesEdit

Citations
  1. ^ a b Eusebius. Praeparatio evangelica, 10.9.8; 10.11.2, 10.12.1-3; Chronography, 66
  2. ^ Pausanius. Description of Greece, 1.43.7; 2.16.1; 2.19.8
  3. ^ Frazer, J. G. (tr.), ed. (1898). Pausanias's Description of Greece. II. London: Macmillan. pp. 536–537. 
  4. ^ a b Conon, Diēgēseis [Narratives] 19, summarized by Pache (2004), pp. 66–77 and Frazer (1898), III: p. 536.[3]
  5. ^ Pausanias, translated by Jones, W.H.S.; Ormerod, H.A., Description of Greece, 1. 43. 7 - 8
  6. ^ Statius, Thebaid, 1.557, quoted in: Ogden, Daniel (2013-05-30). "10 Lamia, Slain by Eurybatus and Others". Dragons, Serpents, and Slayers in the Classical and Early Christian Worlds: A Sourcebook. Oxford University Press. pp. 100–101.  ISBN 0199323747
  7. ^ A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities s.v. Arnis. William Smith, LLD. William Wayte. G. E. Marindin. Albemarle Street, London. John Murray. 1890.
  8. ^ Myers, P; Espinosa, R; Parr, C. S; Jones, T; Hammond, G. S; Dewey, T. A. "ADW: Euselasia crotopus: CLASSIFICATION". animaldiversity.org. Retrieved 10 November 2016. 
Bibliography