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In Greek mythology, Crotopus or Krotopos (Ancient Greek: Κρότωπος) was the eight king of Argos.[1] A species of butterfly, Euselasia Crotopus is possibly named after him.[2]



Crotopus was the son of Agenor and father of Psamathe and Sthenelas.[3]


Crotopus' daughter Psamathe bore to Apollo a son whom she named Linus but being in dire terror of her father, exposed the child among the lambs. The child was found by a shepherd and raised him as his own but one day the sheepdogs of Crotopus tore him apart. Deeply grieving, Psamathe was detected by her father who sentenced her to death, assuming she had been a harlot and lied about Apollo. However, the god was incensed at the killing of his lover and punishes the Argives by sending Vengeance who plagued the city. Vengeance used to snatch the children from their mothers. The Argives then consulted the oracle on how to be freed of it and the oracle responded that they must appease Psamathe and Linos. Thus, they honored them in other ways and sent women and girls to mourn Linos. They mixed the laments with entreaties and wept for his fate and their own. But not even in this way did the evil abate, until Krotopos in accordance with an oracle left Argos and founded a city in the Megarid. He called it Tripodiskion (Tripodisium), and settled there.[4][5]


According to Eusebius, Crotopus reigned for 21 years and during his time, Phaethon's burning of Ethiopia and Deucalion's flood in Thessaly occurred. Crotopus succeeded his uncle Iasus as King of Argos upon Agenor's death while Sthenelas, his son replaced him on the throne.[1]

Regnal titles
Preceded by
King of Argos Succeeded by
Kings of Argos Regnal Years Castor Regnal Years Syncellus Regnal Years Pausanias Tatian
Precessor 1525 46 winters & summers Triopas 1527 36 winters & summers Triopas 1525 Agenor or Iasus Triopas
Phoroneus 1502 21 years Crotopus 1509 24 winters & summers Crotopus 1500 Crotopus Crotopus
Successor 1481 11 years Sthenelus 1497 24 winters & summers Sthenelus 1475 Sthenelas Sthenelaus


  1. ^ a b Eusebius. Praeparatio evangelica, 10.9.8; 10.11.2, 10.12.1-3; Chronography, 66
  2. ^ Myers, P; Espinosa, R; Parr, C. S; Jones, T; Hammond, G. S; Dewey, T. A. "ADW: Euselasia crotopus: CLASSIFICATION". Retrieved 10 November 2016. 
  3. ^ Pausanias. Description of Greece, 1.43.7; 2.16.1; 2.19.8
  4. ^ Compare Pausanias. Description of Greece, 1.43.7; Statius. Thebaid, 1.557; Conon. Narrations 19
  5. ^ A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities s.v. Arnis. William Smith, LLD. William Wayte. G. E. Marindin. Albemarle Street, London. John Murray. 1890.