Cross Bay Veterans Memorial Bridge
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The Cross Bay Veterans Memorial Bridge (originally Cross Bay Bridge or Cross Bay Parkway Bridge) in New York City is a toll bridge that carries Cross Bay Boulevard from Broad Channel in Jamaica Bay to the Rockaway Peninsula, and is located in Queens.
Cross Bay Veterans Memorial Bridge
|Carries||Cross Bay Boulevard|
|Locale||Broad Channel and Rockaway Peninsula, in New York City|
|Maintained by||MTA Bridges and Tunnels|
|Total length||3,000 feet (910 m)|
|Longest span||275 feet (84 m)|
|Clearance below||55 feet (17 m)|
|Opened||May 28, 1970|
|Daily traffic||24,150 (2016)|
|Toll||As of March 31, 2019, $4.75 (Tolls By Mail and non-New York E-ZPass); $2.29 (New York E-ZPass)|
Opened on June 3, 1939, the original bridge in this location was designed by engineering firm Madigan-Hyland and built on behalf of the New York City Parkway Authority by contractor J. Rich Steers, Inc., before the authority was merged into the Triborough Bridge and Tunnel Authority. The bridge was a part of a program to develop Jamaica Bay as a recreational area instead of an industrial port. The 1939 bridge was a low-level bascule bridge. It consisted of a widened version of the previous drawbridge, and a grade-separated interchange complex feeding into Beach Channel Drive and the Cross Bay Parkway. The Cross Bay Parkway was extended south along Beach 94th Street and Beach 95th Street to the Shore Front Parkway along Rockaway Beach.
Reconstructed and opened to traffic on May 28, 1970, the current bridge is a high level fixed bridge carrying six traffic lanes and a sidewalk on the west side. This let boats pass under without delays to lift the drawbridge. The bridge is owned by New York Cityand operated by the Triborough Bridge and Tunnel Authority, an affiliate agency of the Metropolitan Transportation Authority.
As of March 31, 2019[update], drivers pay $4.75 per car or $4.00 per motorcycle for tolls by mail. E‑ZPass users with transponders issued by the New York E‑ZPass Customer Service Center pay $2.29 per car or $1.91 per motorcycle. All E-ZPass users with transponders not issued by the New York E-ZPass CSC will be required to pay Toll-by-mail rates. Registered Rockaway and Broad Channel residents with E-ZPass will receive toll rebates on this bridge; an e-token for Rockaway and Broad Channel residents will cost $2.05, while Rockaway and Broad Channel residents with E-ZPass will pay $1.49 per car.
Until 2010, Rockaways and Broad Channel residents could cross the bridge for free. Residents of Broad Channel and the Rockaways who have an E-ZPass pay $1.19 per crossing if they cross up to twice per day, but are not charged if they cross more than twice in 24 hours. The new toll for area residents was part of a series of Metropolitan Transportation Authority budget cuts.
Open-road cashless tolling began on April 30, 2017. The tollbooths were dismantled, and drivers are no longer able to pay with cash or tokens at the bridge. Instead, there are cameras mounted onto new overhead gantries near where the booths were located. A vehicle without E-ZPass has a picture taken of its license plate and a bill for the toll is mailed to its owner. For E-ZPass users, sensors detect their transponders wirelessly. Residents with leftover bridge tokens were eligible to redeem their tokens for a refund through the E-ZPass Customer Service prior to April 29, 2017.
- "New York City Bridge Traffic Volumes" (PDF). New York City Department of Transportation. 2016. p. 11. Retrieved March 16, 2018.
- Santos, Fernanda (April 9, 2010). "For Whom the Bridge Toll Ends a Trip That's Free". The New York Times. Retrieved April 10, 2010.
There is another crossing on the northern end of Broad Channel, the Joseph P. Addabbo Memorial Bridge, which connects the island to the Howard Beach section of Queens
- "Rockaway: Another Link". The New York Times. June 3, 1939. Retrieved February 25, 2010.
- "New Shorefront Parkway In Rockaways Opened; $12,000,000 Bay Parkway Thrown Open". Long Island Daily Press. Fultonhistory.com. June 3, 1939. p. 1. Retrieved August 30, 2018.
- "New Shorefront Parkway In Rockaways Opened; $12,000,000 Bay Parkway Thrown Open" (PDF). Long Island Daily Press. Fultonhistory.com. June 3, 1939. p. 1. Retrieved August 30, 2018.
- Fowle, Farnsworth (May 29, 1970). "Cross Bay Parkway Bridge Is Dedicated". The New York Times. Retrieved April 10, 2010.
The six-lane, $26-million Cross Bay Bridge linking Broad Channel Island in Jamaica Bay with the Rockaway Peninsula was dedicated yesterday in time for the Memorial Day weekend rush.
- "New Fares and Tolls Take Effect" (PDF). MTA. February 26, 2019. Retrieved March 5, 2019.
- "Cross Bay Bridge Toll Rebate Change July 23". MTA Bridges and Tunnels. Retrieved August 24, 2010.[permanent dead link]
- Siff, Andrew (October 5, 2016). "Automatic Tolls to Replace Gates at 9 NYC Spans: Cuomo". NBC New York. Retrieved December 25, 2016.
- "MTA rolls out cashless toll schedule for bridges, tunnels". ABC7 New York. December 21, 2016. Retrieved December 25, 2016.
- "What Is Cashless Tolling?". MTA Bridges & Tunnels. Retrieved September 1, 2019.
- Schapiro, Rich (April 30, 2017). "Gov. Cuomo: Rockaway bridges no longer take cash and metal tokens". New York Daily News. Retrieved June 26, 2018.