Criminal Lunatics (Ireland) Act 1838
The Act provided that when a person was detained under circumstances suggesting that they were of deranged mind and had the intention of committing a crime, then two justices were empowered to call in a physician to examine the suspect. If the physician determined that the person was a "dangerous lunatic" he could be committed to gaol, until either discharged by order of two justices or removed to a lunatic asylum by order of the Lord Lieutenant.
Role of Lord LieutenantEdit
The Lord Lieutenant was given the power to direct persons under a sentence of imprisonment or transportation be placed in a lunatic asylum, to remain there until certified of sound mind by two physicians, when the Lord Lieutenant could direct their removal. Additionally, he was given a similar power in regard to persons committed for trial.
- The British almanac of the Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge, for the year 1839. The Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge, London, 1839.
- The Short Titles Act 1896, section 2(1) and Schedule 2
- Kelly, Brendan. "The Mental Treatment Act 1945 in Ireland: an historical enquiry". History of Psychiatry. p. 51. doi:10.1177/0957154X06075949.