Cressy (ship)

Cressy was one of the "First Four Ships" in 1850 to carry emigrants from England to the new colony of Canterbury in New Zealand. Cressy was the last to arrive on 27 December. The other ships were Charlotte Jane, Sir George Seymour, and Randolph.[1]

Port Lyttelton by Mary Townsend, 1850.jpg
Cressy anchored at Port Lyttelton; drawing by Mary Townsend
History
Civil Ensign of the United KingdomUnited Kingdom
NameCressy
BuilderLaing shipyard, River Wear, Sunderland
Launched1843
General characteristics
Class and typebarque
Tons burthen720
Propulsionsail

The passengers aboard these four ships were referred to as the "Canterbury Pilgrims" of Christchurch.[1] Their names are inscribed on a marble plaque in Cathedral Square in the centre of Christchurch.

The ship is remembered in the name of a road, Cressy Terrace, in the port town of Lyttelton.

Voyage from England to New ZealandEdit

On the morning of 4 September 1850. the barque Cressy, J. D. Bell, master, left Gravesend, and was towed down the river. After sailing down the Channel and nearly becalmed off the Isle of Wight, she did not drop anchor in Plymouth Sound until after 3 AM on 7 September. At midnight she left Plymouth, and initially had a run in light air until the end of the month but then encountered breezes from the south and east for almost a month forcing the ship to sail more westward before commenced a good run. From 9 November to 5 December the ship sailed 100 degrees of longitude east between parallels of 37. 30 and 40 S. On 21 December she was in lat. 47. 30 S., 162.48 E. but experienced bad weather. Land was sighted land on the evening of 23 December and the next day she turned to the north for Banks' Peninsula, and at last dropping anchor in Port Victoria before noon on 27 December. Her passage was 110 days from Plymouth Sound. The long passage was put down to fore-topsail being reefed whenever the breeze freshened, as the fore-top-mast had been badly sprung South of the Cape of Good Hope and no confidence could be placed in it taking a heavy load. There was one birth and two deaths, both sickly children. The captain consulted the passengers about their health and comfort and did not run further south, where a shorter passage might have been made, but in colder latitudes.[2]

Notable passengersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "The first four ships". Christchurch City Libraries. Retrieved 28 July 2011.
  2. ^ "THE "CRESSY."". Lyttelton Times (Volume 1, Issue 1). 11 January 1851. p. 3. Retrieved 19 January 2021.
  3. ^ Wilson, James Oakley (1985) [First ed. published 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1984 (4th ed.). Wellington: V.R. Ward, Govt. Printer. p. 180. OCLC 154283103.
  4. ^ Smith, Jo-Anne. "Caverhill, Hannah Rebecca Frances". Dictionary of New Zealand Biography. Ministry for Culture and Heritage. Retrieved 8 February 2021.
  5. ^ a b A. H. McLintock, ed. (22 April 2009) [originally published in 1966]. "Dobson Brothers". An Encyclopaedia of New Zealand. Ministry for Culture and Heritage / Te Manatū Taonga. Retrieved 7 May 2011.
  6. ^ "Michael Brennan Hart The Cressy". Christchurch Press. Retrieved 7 May 2011.
  7. ^ "Local and General". The Star (506). 3 January 1870. p. 2. Retrieved 2 May 2016.

External linksEdit