The Crau is the ancient confluence of the Durance and Rhône, and constitutes their vast flat alluvial fan.

Approximative limits of Crau's biome area.
Crau stony plain


The Crau is composed of two different parts:

The dry Crau is in the south, and has been used as pasture from Roman times. There are around 100,000 sheep as of 2007,[citation needed] including the Merino sheep.

The wet Crau is in the north and includes the communes of Saint-Martin-de-Crau, Eyguières, Istres, Mouriès, and Arles. It produces the Crau hay, which benefits from an Appellation d’origine contrôlée

Flora and faunaEdit


The Crau was described by Strabo as the Stony Plain (Book IV Chapter 1).

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 43°34′14.93″N 4°51′15.88″E / 43.5708139°N 4.8544111°E / 43.5708139; 4.8544111