The borlotti bean is a variety of common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris) first bred in Colombia as the cargamanto.[1] It is also known as the cranberry bean, Roman bean, romano bean (not to be confused with the Italian flat bean, a green bean also called "romano bean"), saluggia bean, gadhra bean or rosecoco bean.[2] The bean is a medium to large tan or hazelnut-colored bean splashed or streaked with red, magenta or black.

Borlotti Bean
SpeciesPhaseolus vulgaris
Marketing names'Borlotti bean', 'cranberry bean', 'Roman bean', 'saluggia bean' and 'rosecoco bean'
OriginNorth and South America
Borlotti beans, raw
Fresh borlotti beans
Nutritional value per 100 g (3.5 oz)
Energy1,458 kJ (348 kcal)
60.05 g
Sugars2.4 g
Dietary fiber24.7 g
1.23 g
Saturated0.244 g
23.03 g
6 mg
Percentages are roughly approximated using US recommendations for adults.
Source: USDA FoodData Central

Saluggia beans are regional, a borlotti bean named after Saluggia in northern Italy for marketing purposes and where they have been grown since the early 1900s.[3]

Characteristics edit

The borlotti bean is a variety of the cranberry bean bred in Italy to have a thicker skin. It is used in Italian, Portuguese (Catarino bean), Turkish, and Greek cuisine.

The cranberry bean looks similar to the pinto bean, but cranberry beans are larger and have big maroon, magenta, or black specks on a creamy white background, more like Great Northern beans. After cooking, however, the specks vanish and the beans take on a more even, darker color.

(a) three raw borlotti beans.
(b) the same three borlotti beans, but cooked.

A new cranberry bean variety, 'Crimson', is light tan speckled with maroon. It is resistant to viruses and has a high yield.[4]

'Crimson' is a new cranberry dry bean.

Cultivars edit

  • Borlotto Lingua di Fuoco (Tongue of Fire), 60 days, bush, heirloom

References edit

  1. ^ Sando, Steve; Barrington, Vanessa (2008). Heirloom Beans. Chronicle Books. p. 15. ISBN 978-0-8118-6069-7.
  2. ^ The Choice Guide to Food. Sydney: UNSW Press. 2011. p. 46. ISBN 9781742241012. Retrieved 19 February 2016.
  3. ^ "Storia legumi (part 2)". Provincia di Asti. p. 108. Archived from the original on 1 March 2016. Retrieved 19 February 2016.
  4. ^ "Bright New Dry bean for Salads and other Foods". USDA Agricultural Research Service. June 17, 2010.