County of Buren

The Buren County was a territory situated in what is now the Dutch province of Gelderland. It was an independent county[clarification needed - when did it become independent from the HRE?] until the establishment of the Batavian Republic in 1795. Although it was not formally part of the United Provinces, in practice it was governed by it.

County of Buren
Graafschap Buren (nl)
c. 994–1795
Flag of Buren
Flag
Coat of arms of Buren
Coat of arms
Map of the County of Buren around 1665, County of Buren highlighted in yellow
Map of the County of Buren around 1665,
County of Buren highlighted in yellow
StatusCounty
CapitalBuren
Common languagesDutch
GovernmentCounty
Historical eraMiddle Ages, Renaissance
• Established
(994) 1498
• Disestablished
1795
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Francia
Batavian Republic

Lordship of BurenEdit

The Lordship of Buren was a result of the division of the county of Teisterbant in 994. The manor was owned by the van Buren family. Their coat of arms was also the Lordship's and the city's ones. The lordship's original fortress' Buren received city rights in 1395 by the knights Allard, Asch and Erichem; but through the acquisition, war and marriage, a number of villages were grown, including Beusichem, Zoelmond, Buurmalsen and Tricht. By this marriages policy, in 1472 the lordship's ownership went to the House of Egmond.

CountyEdit

Buren was elevated to a county in 1498 by Emperor Maximilian of Austria. Later Charles V wanted to raise Buren to a duchy, but Maximilian of Egmond replied: "I'd rather be a rich count than a poor duke" and thus Buren remained a county.

William of Orange in 1551 married the heiress Anna of Egmont, Countess of Buren. This is how the county of Buren came into the ownership of the House of Orange-Nassau. Since then, members of this house also carry the title of Count of Buren.

Mary, the third child of William of Orange and Anna of Egmont, founded in 1612 the orphanage in Buren, serving the following 350 years. There is also the Museum of the Royal Military Police. The town of Buren has been declared protected townscape.

With the advent of the Batavian Republic, the county ceased to exist. However, the head of the House of Orange-Nassau (the Dutch Head of State) is named, among other titles, Count or Countess of Buren and Leerdam.

List of the counts of Buren and LeerdamEdit

House of EgmontEdit

House of Orange-NassauEdit

See alsoEdit

Coordinates: 51°58′N 05°25′E / 51.967°N 5.417°E / 51.967; 5.417