Corymbia brachycarpa

Corymbia brachycarpa is a species of tree that is endemic to central Queensland. It has rough, tessellated bark on the trunk and branches, lance-shaped adult leaves, flower buds in groups of seven, creamy white flowers and urn-shaped to barrel-shaped fruit.

Corymbia brachycarpa
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Myrtales
Family: Myrtaceae
Genus: Corymbia
Species:
C. brachycarpa
Binomial name
Corymbia brachycarpa
Synonyms[1]

Eucalyptus brachycarpa D.J.Carr & S.G.M.Carr

DescriptionEdit

Corymbia brachycarpa is a tree that typically grows to a height of 15 m (49 ft) and forms a lignotuber. It has rough, tessellated, brown to grey bark on the trunk and branches. Young plants and coppice regrowth have dark green leaves that are paler on the lower surface, linear to oblong or narrow lance-shaped, 70–115 mm (2.8–4.5 in) long and 4–11 mm (0.16–0.43 in) wide. Adult leaves are dark green above, paler below, lance-shaped, 80–150 mm (3.1–5.9 in) long and 9–21 mm (0.35–0.83 in) wide, tapering to a petiole 10–30 mm (0.39–1.18 in) long. The flower buds are arranged on the ends of branchlets on a branched peduncle each branch of the peduncle with seven buds on pedicels 2–12 mm (0.079–0.472 in) long. Mature buds are oval to pear-shaped, about 6 mm (0.24 in) long and 5 mm (0.20 in) wide with a rounded to conical operculum. The flowers are creamy white and the fruit is a woody urn-shaped to barrel-shaped capsule 13–18 mm (0.51–0.71 in) long and 10–15 mm (0.39–0.59 in) wide with the valves enclosed in the fruit.[2][3]

Taxonomy and namingEdit

This eucalypt was first formally described in 1987 by Denis Carr and Stella Carr and was given the name Eucalyptus brachycarpa.[4] In 1995 Ken Hill and Lawrie Johnson changed the name to Corymbia brachycarpa.[3][5] The specific epithet (brachycarpa) is derived from ancient Greek words meaning "short" and "fruit".[2]

Distribution and habitatEdit

Corymbia brachycarpa mostly grows in deep sand with an understorey of Triodia, other trees and shrubs. It is found in central Queensland including in the White Mountains and south to near Barcaldine, Alpha and Blackall.[2][3]

Conservation statusEdit

This eucalypt is listed as of "least concern" under the Queensland Government Nature Conservation Act 1992.[6]

See alsoEdit

List of Corymbia species

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Corymbia brachycarpa". Australian Plant Census. Retrieved 1 February 2020.
  2. ^ a b c "Corymbia brachycarpa". Euclid: Centre for Australian National Biodiversity Research. Retrieved 1 February 2020.
  3. ^ a b c Hill, Kenneth D.; Johnson, Lawrence A.S. (13 December 1995). "Systematic studies in the eucalypts. 7. A revision of the bloodwoods, genus Corymbia (Myrtaceae)". Telopea. 6 (2–3): 281–282. doi:10.7751/telopea19953017.
  4. ^ "Eucalyptus brachycarpa". APNI. Retrieved 1 February 2020.
  5. ^ "Corymbia brachycarpa". APNI. Retrieved 1 February 2020.
  6. ^ "Species profile - Corymbia brachycarpa". The State of Queensland. Retrieved 1 February 2020.