Cortaderia selloana

Cortaderia selloana, commonly known as pampas grass,[1] is a flowering plant native to southern South America, including the Pampas region after which it is named.

Pampas grass
Herbe Pampa FR 2008.jpg
Pampas grass inflorescences
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Clade: Commelinids
Order: Poales
Family: Poaceae
Genus: Cortaderia
Species:
C. selloana
Binomial name
Cortaderia selloana
(Schult. & Schult.f.) Asch. & Graebn.

EtymologyEdit

Cortaderia is derived from the Spanish-Argentine name ‘cortadera’, meaning ‘cutter’, in reference to the sharp leaf margins.[2]

Selloana is named for Friedrich Sellow (1789-1831), a German botanist[2] and naturalist[citation needed] from Potsdam who worked as a plant collector in Brazil.[2] He studied the flora of South America, especially that of Brazil. The specific epithet selloana was given by Josef August and Julius Hermann Schultes in 1827.[citation needed]

 
C. selloana in cultivation

CultivarsEdit

 
Big tuft of pampas grass in Jindai Botanical Garden (Tokyo, Japan), height 4 metres (13.1 ft) and diameter 7 metres (23 ft), more than 40 years old as of 2007

Several cultivars are available, of which the following have gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit:-.

  • 'Aureolineata'[3]
  • 'Evita'[4]
  • 'Monstrosa'[5]
  • 'Patagonia'[6]
  • 'Pumila'[7]
  • Silver Feather='Notcort'[8]
  • 'Sunningdale Silver'[9] —grows to a height of 4 m (13.1 ft) and has particularly dense flowering plumes

Negative impactEdit

Cortaderia has become invasive throughout North America. It has also been banned in Hawaii and New Zealand because of its ability to outgrow and displace native plants. In Europe, it was first introduced in the United Kingdom, later spreading to other countries in the continent like Ireland, Portugal, Spain, France, and Italy [10].

Pampas grass is fast-growing and can form large masses along the roads, cliffs, riverbanks, and open areas that have been disturbed by human activities or natural disturbances. Pampas grass can displace native plants and create their habitats, which deplete biodiversity [10]. The blade-like leaves may cause physical harm to the birds who feed off of it. The plant also competes with other native plants by monopolizing resources like shade, sunlight, and ground nutrients. Because of the large surface area, the leaves pose a significant fire hazard if placed near flammable substances [11].

Control methodsEdit

Pampas grass can be controlled through pesticide treatment. To accomplish this, the grass is cut down near the base. Next, a 2% glyphosate chemical solution is combined with a silicone-based surfactant and applied to enhance the penetration potential. This method works best in the fall because there is overall better control compared to other seasons. Another control method is to cut and bag inflorescences to prevent seeds from spreading or pulling seedlings [12].

Soil disturbance that creates bare ground can promote invasion, so it is essential to minimize disturbance or provide competition to seedlings. In order to control disturbance, applying mulch to exposed bare ground to smother seeds and prevent germination can be done. Also, planting or seeding desirable, non-invasive plants can provide competition to reduce germination and seedling establishment [12].

CultureEdit

Author Li Hengrui (李恒瑞), whose work Kite Capriccio (風箏暢想曲) describes life as a child in 1950s Fengtai County, Anhui mentions the use of the long stem of the Puwei (蒲葦, Chinese for Cortaderia selloana) in the construction of kites.[13]

Several media outlets reported that it was planted by some couples who practise swinging in the United Kingdom as a way to indicate to other swingers that they enjoy that lifestyle,[14][15] based on a post on Twitter.[16] The reports caused a plunge in already declining sales, but the odd association has been dismissed by enthusiasts[of what?] and gardening experts as "silly".[17][18]

GalleryEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "BSBI List 2007". Botanical Society of Britain and Ireland. Archived from the original (xls) on 2015-01-25. Retrieved 2014-10-17.
  2. ^ a b c Gledhill, David (2008). "The Names of Plants". Cambridge University Press. ISBN 9780521866453 (hardback), ISBN 9780521685535 (paperback). pp 122, 348
  3. ^ "Cortaderia selloana 'Aureolinata'". RHS Plant Selector. Retrieved 15 April 2020.
  4. ^ "Cortaderia selloana 'Evita'". RHS. Retrieved 12 April 2020.
  5. ^ "Cortaderia selloana 'Monstrosa' | pampas grass 'Monstrosa'/RHS Gardening". RHS. Retrieved 12 April 2020.
  6. ^ "Cortaderia selloana 'Patagonia'". RHS. Retrieved 12 April 2020.
  7. ^ "Cortaderia selloana 'Pumila'". RHS Plant Selector. Retrieved 15 April 2020.
  8. ^ "Cortaderia selloana Silver Feather='Notcort'". RHS. Retrieved 12 April 2020.
  9. ^ "Cortaderia selloana 'Sunningdale Silver'". RHS Plant Selector. Retrieved 15 April 2020.
  10. ^ a b Robacker, Carol (1995). "Long-term shoot regeneration from pampas grass (Cortaderia selloana Schult.) through manipulation of growth regulators in vitro". Plant Cell Reports. 14 (11): 689–93. doi:10.1007/BF00232648. PMID 24186623. S2CID 6664693.
  11. ^ Robacker, Carol (2008). Long-term shoot regeneration from pampas grass (Cortaderia selloana Schult.) through manipulation of growth regulators in vitro (7 ed.). Plant Cell Reports. ISBN 978-1-4020-4584-4.
  12. ^ a b "Pampas Grass Cortaderia selloana". WASHINGTON STATE Noxious Weed Control Board.
  13. ^ Putonghua Shuiping Ceshi Gangyao. 2004. Beijing. pp.350-351. ISBN 7-100-03996-7
  14. ^ Staff, Guardian (May 31, 2017). "Pampas grass: the not-so secret symbol of swingers is a turn-off". The Guardian. Archived from the original on August 10, 2018. Retrieved August 10, 2018 – via www.theguardian.com.
  15. ^ Rudgard, Olivia (May 30, 2017). "Exclusive: Pampas grass sales are falling because it is a secret signal for swingers". The Telegraph. Archived from the original on October 17, 2019. Retrieved October 17, 2019 – via www.telegraph.co.uk.
  16. ^ Frostrup, Mariella (2011-11-27). "Who knew that pampas grass plants are a signal to fellow swingers? Bought two and put them on my balcony. Neighbours have been swarming!". @mariellaf1. Archived from the original on 2019-04-06. Retrieved 2019-03-25.
  17. ^ "People have stopped buying this garden plant because it's used to signal that homeowners are swingers". The Independent. 2017-05-31. Archived from the original on 2019-03-25. Retrieved 2019-03-25.
  18. ^ Gallagher, Alanna. "Is pampas grass really a signal to swingers?". The Irish Times. Archived from the original on 2019-05-02. Retrieved 2019-03-25.

External linksEdit