Corrin is a heterocyclic compound. Although unknown[clarification needed], the molecule is of interest as the parent macrocycle related to the cofactor and chromophore in vitamin B12. Its name reflects that it is the "core" of vitamin B12 (cobalamins).[1]

Corrin
Corrin.svg
Identifiers
3D model (JSmol)
ChEBI
ChemSpider
UNII
  • InChI=1S/C19H22N4/c1-3-14-10-16-5-7-18(22-16)19-8-6-17(23-19)11-15-4-2-13(21-15)9-12(1)20-14/h9-11,18-19,22H,1-8H2/b12-9-,15-11-,16-10- checkY
    Key: WUPRCGRRQUZFAB-DEGKJRJSSA-N checkY
  • InChI=1/C19H22N4/c1-3-14-10-16-5-7-18(22-16)19-8-6-17(23-19)11-15-4-2-13(21-15)9-12(1)20-14/h9-11,18-19,22H,1-8H2/b12-9-,15-11-,16-10-
    Key: WUPRCGRRQUZFAB-DEGKJRJSBL
  • N=1C=4CCC=1\C=C2/NC(CC2)C\5CC/C(C=C3\CC/C(=N3)/C=4)=N/5
Properties
C19H22N4
Molar mass 306.40478
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
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There are two chiral centres, which in natural compounds like cobalamin have the same stereochemistry.

Coordination chemistryEdit

Upon deprotonation, the corrinoid ring is capable of binding cobalt. In vitamin B12, the resulting complex also features a benzimidazole-derived ligand, and the sixth site on the octahedron serves as the catalytic center.

The corrin ring resembles the porphyrin ring.[2] Both feature four pyrrole-like subunits organized into rings. Corrins have a central 17-membered C13N4 ring whereas porphryins have an interior 18-membered C14N4 ring. All four nitrogen centers are linked by conjugation structure, with alternating double and single bonds. In contrast to porphyrins, corrins lack one of the carbon groups that link the pyrrole-like units into a fully conjugated structure. With a conjugated system that extends only 3/4 of the way around the ring, and does not include any of the outer edge carbons, corrins have a number of non-conjugated sp3 carbons, making them more flexible than porphyrins and not as flat. A third closely related biological structure, the chlorin ring system found in chlorophyll, is intermediate between porphyrin and corrin, having 20 carbons like the porphyrins and a conjugated structure extending all the way around the central atom, but with only 6 of the 8 edge carbons participating.

Corroles (octadehydrocorrins) are fully aromatic derivatives of corrins.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Nelson, D. L.; Cox, M. M. "Lehninger, Principles of Biochemistry" 3rd Ed. Worth Publishing: New York, 2000. ISBN 1-57259-153-6.
  2. ^ Brown, Kenneth L. (2005). "Chemistry and Enzymology of Vitamin B12". Chemical Reviews. 105 (6): 2075–2150. doi:10.1021/cr030720z. PMID 15941210.