Constitution of Jordan

The Constitution of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan was adopted on 11 January 1952 and has been amended many times.[1] It defines the hereditary monarchic rule with a parliamentary system of representation. It stipulates the separated powers of the state (executive, legislative and judicial), the citizens’ rights and duties, financial affairs and other constitutional regulations.[2]

Constitution of Jordan
Created1 January 1952
Presented1 January 1952
Ratified1 January 1952
Date effective8 January 1952
Media typeConstitution
PurposeConstitution / Basic Law

Background Edit

An Organic Law was promulgated in April 1928 for use under the British mandate. After Jordan gained full independence in May 1946, following the abolition of the British Mandate, a new constitution was formulated, published in the Official Gazette on 1 February 1947, and adopted by the Legislative Council on 28 November 1947. A few years later, the Constitution was liberalized by King Talal and ratified on 1 January 1952. It is generally regarded as liberal, although criticism may arise in regard to the great powers vested in the monarch.[2]

Amendments Edit

The Jordanian constitution has undergone a series of amendments, including in 2011 and 2016.[3] In 2021 a series of amendments was introduced, some of which led to a brawl in the parliament. These amendments were aiming to further women's rights and modernize Jordan.[4]

See also Edit

References Edit

  1. ^ "Jordan country report", The World Factbook, U.S. Central Intelligence Agency, 24 August 2012
  2. ^ a b "The Constitution of The Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan", The King Hussein library, retrieved 13 September 2012
  3. ^ "Senate majority approves constitutional amendments". Jordan Times. Retrieved 1 December 2021.
  4. ^ "Jordan MPS trade blows amid heated discussion on women's rights". 29 December 2021.

External links Edit