Constantine Kastrioti

Constantine Kastrioti or Konstantin Kastrioti Mazarek (Latin: Constantinus Castriotus, Albanian: Konstandin Kastrioti, 1437/8 – ?) was an Albanian nobleman and a member of the Kastrioti family. He was Skanderbeg's uncle, while his father was Pal Kastrioti.

Konstantin Kastrioti
Lord of Cerüja castle
(Latin: dominus Serinae)
Died1390
Noble familyKastrioti family

FamilyEdit

Konstanin's father was Pal Kastrioti who had three sons: Konstantin[A], Aleksa and Gjon Kastrioti[1][2] who was Skanderbeg's father.[3][4] Aleksa Kastrioti controlled three villages.[5]

TitleEdit

According to du Cange and some other authors, Konstantin was a vassal of Serbian despot Stefan Lazarević appointed to position of Lord of Mat and Kastoria before he died in 1390.[6][7][8] Some authors, including Du Cange and Philippe Labbe, emphasized that Konstantin Kastrioti had additional surname - Mazarek (Latin: Meserechus).[9][10] Jakob Philipp Fallmerayer referred to his second surname as Serbian.[11]

According to Venetian document discovered by Karl Hopf his title was Lord of Cerüja castle (Latin: dominus Serinae).[12] Hopf referred to Konstantin Kastrioti as protovestiar of Sina (Serina) near Durrazo.[13]

During Skanderbeg's Italian expedition at the age of twenty-two or twenty-three he was sent to Italy to command a contingent of troops in order to help Ferdinand I of Naples maintain his rule against the Angevins and their allies.[contradictory]

Since Skanderbeg was busy with internal affairs in Albania, Constantine played a leading role in the Albanian expedition before his uncle's arrival. He served under Ferdinand who had been trying to regain his territory after it had been overrun by the Angevins and their supporters.

Along with Constantine's cavalry, Francesco del Balzo, the Duke of Andria who had remained loyal to Ferdinand, managed to defeat Ercole d'Este, one of the pro-Angevin nobles in Gargano. From Gargano, they were then able to collect customs-duties of 30,000 ducats. Constantine and Ferdinand were able to regain some lost territory before Skanderbeg landed in Italy and took over the command.

Further readingEdit

  • Frashëri, Kristo (2002), Gjergj Kastrioti Skënderbeu: jeta dhe vepra, 1405–1468 (in Albanian), Botimet Toena, ISBN 99927-1-627-4

NotesEdit

FootnotesEdit

  1. ^
    According to Kastrioti genealogy written by Flavius Comnenus and quoted by du Cange in 1680, Kostantin was Skanderbeg's great-grandfather and the name of Skanderbeg's grandfather was Georgius.[14] The later researches proved that Kostantin was in fact Skanderbeg's uncle while the correct name of Skanderbeg's grandfather is Pal.[15]

CitationsEdit

  1. ^ Šufflay 2000, p. 148

    Njegov potomak, Ivan, "gospodin Ivan" u srpskim poveljama, "Ivan Castrioth" u mletačkim spomenicima...

  2. ^ Muzaka, Gjon (1873) [1515], Karl Hopf (ed.), Breve memoria de li discendenti de nostra casa Musachi. Per Giovanni Musachi, despoto d'Epiro, Berlin, archived from the original on 2010-09-10, You should know that the grandfather of Lord Scanderbeg was called Lord Paul Castriota. He ruled over no more than two villages, called Signa (Sina) and Gardi Ipostesi. To this Lord Paul was born Lord John Castriota who became Lord of Mat. And to him was born Lord Scanderbeg. The mother of the said Lord Scanderbeg, i.e. the wife of the said Lord John, was called Lady Voisava Tribalda who was of a noble family.
  3. ^ Dialogue, Volume 5, Issues 17-20. Dijalog. 1996. p. 77. Retrieved 27 March 2012. Njegov sin Pavle, gospodar od Sinje, imao je tri sina: Konstantina, Aleksu i Ivana. Kastriote su se preko Konstantina orodile sa najznatnijom albanskom porodicom Topija. Ivan Kastriota, otac Skenderbegov, ozenio se Voislavom koja je
  4. ^ Hopf 1873, p. 533

    Constantino, Alessio, Giovanni

  5. ^ Friedrich Johann Hopf, Carl Hermann (1960) [1873], Geschichte Griechenlands vom Beginn des Mittelalters bis auf unsere Zeit (in German), II, B. Franklin, p. 97, OCLC 418936, ... Alexios Kastriota, der über drei Ortschaften gebot,...
  6. ^ Mihačević, Lovro (1912). Crtice iz albaneške povijesti. Krammarić i M. Raguz. p. 71. Konstantin Kastriota , Princip Emathije i Kastorije + 1390
  7. ^ Glasnik Srpskoga učenog društva (in Serbian), Belgrade: Serbian Learned Society, 1880, p. 380, OCLC 4924158, Oвај управитељ добровољно се потчинио деспоту Стефану. Звао се такође Meserecus Константин Кастриот, (види у Du Cange стр. 230) кнез Мата и KacTopuje (умро 1390 г.).
  8. ^ Barbarich, Eugenio (1905). Albania. E. Voghera. p. 325. COSTANTINO KASTRIOTA Coguom. Mesereku (1) Principe detl'Kmathìa (Macedonia) e di Kastoria (cfr. Flav. Comneno) m. 1390
  9. ^ Cange, Charles du Fresne du (1680). Historia Byzantina duplici commentario illustrata... Apud Ludovicum billaine. p. 349. С ON STA NT I NÜS С A S T R I O T Ü S , cognomento Meserechus
  10. ^ Labbe, Philippe (1729). De Byzantinae historiae scriptoribus. Ex typographia Bartholomaei Javarina. p. 270.
  11. ^ Fallmerayer, Jakob Philipp (1860). Das albanesische Element in Griechenland: Was man über die Thaten und über die Schicksale des Albanischen Volks von seinem ersten Auftreten in der Geschichte bis zu seiner Unterjochung durch die Tüken nach dem Tode Skander-Begs mit Sicherheit wissen kann. Verlag der K. Akad. p. 56. Und wenn Flavius Comnenus bei Du Gange einen Con- stantinus Castriotus mit dem serbischen Zunamen 'Meseritsch (Meserechus)
  12. ^ von Hahn, Johann Georg (1867), Reise durch die Gebiete des Drin und Wardar : im Auftrage der K. Akademie der Wissenschaften unternommen im Jahre 1863, Kaiserl. Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien, p. 23, OCLC 220497422, Professor Hopf fand nämlich eine venetianische Urkunde, in welcher Constantin Kastriota, Skanderbegs Grossvater, „dominus Serinae" genannt wird.
  13. ^ Friedrich Johann Hopf, Carl Hermann (1960) [1873], Geschichte Griechenlands vom Beginn des Mittelalters bis auf unsere Zeit (in German), II, B. Franklin, p. 94, OCLC 418936, ... Auch KonstantinoS Kastriota, der den Titel Protovestiar führte und Serina unweit Durazzo ...
  14. ^ du Fresne, sieur du Cange, Charles (1680), Historia Byzantina duplici commentario illustrata : Prior familias ... Imperatorum Constantinopol. ... complectitur alter descriptionem urbis Constantinopolis (in Latin), Lutetia Parisorum, p. 270, OCLC 166008975, retrieved 13 September 2012
  15. ^ Otadžbina, volume 21 (in Serbian). 1889. p. 193. Retrieved 10 September 2012. Да се види нетачност Флавијева родослова доста је навести ово. Према новијим истраживањима Костантин је био Кастриоту стриц, а не прадед, а по сведоџби његова сродника, дед му се звао Павле Кастриот и није имао више од два села.

ReferencesEdit