Consort Yujiulü

Consort Yujiulü (郁久閭椒房, personal name unknown) (died 452), formally Empress Gong (恭皇后, literally "the respectful empress"), was a consort of Tuoba Huang (Crown Prince Jingmu), a crown prince of the Chinese/Xianbei dynasty Northern Wei. She was the mother of Emperor Wencheng.[1][2]

Consort Yujiulü
SpouseTuoba Huang
IssueEmperor Wencheng of Northern Wei
Posthumous name
Empress Gong 恭皇后

Consort Yujiulü was a sister of Yujiulü Pi (郁久閭毗), who was a member of Rouran's royal house, but who surrendered to Northern Wei and thereafter became a Northern Wei general, during Emperor Taiwu's reign.[3][4] Consort Yujiulü herself was described as beautiful, and during Emperor Taiwu's reign she was selected to be a consort for his son Tuoba Huang. She was much favored, and she bore him his oldest son Tuoba Jun in 440. Her husband died in 451, however, after becoming ill over fear of false accusations by the eunuch Zong Ai. Zong subsequently assassinated Emperor Taiwu and Tuoba Huang's younger brother Tuoba Yu (whom he had briefly made emperor) in 452, and then was overthrown by high-ranking officials, who made Tuoba Jun emperor (as Emperor Wencheng). Consort Yujiulü died soon thereafter without having been honored as an empress dowager, but later that year, Emperor Wencheng did posthumously honor his parents as emperor and empress, and she became known as Empress Gong.

Scholar Li Ping suggested that Consort Yujiulü died an irregular death, due to the custom that all the mothers of heirs to Wei throne should be put to death. Indeed, she is said by some scholars to have been killed by the Chang clan in the first year of Xingan (興安) (452).[2]


  1. ^ Lee; Wing-chung Ho, Clara; Childs-Johnson, Elizabeth (2007). Biographical Dictionary of Chinese Women Antiquity Through Sui, 1600 B.C.E.-618 C.E. M.E. Sharpe. p. 281.
  2. ^ a b 陈开颖 (2017). 性别, 信仰, 权力 北魏女主政治与佛教. Shandong University Press. p. x. ISBN 9787564537388.
  3. ^ 蔡景仙 (2013). 中国古代名人传奇丛书——中国古代皇后传. 青苹果数据中心. p. x.
  4. ^ Yunwu, Wang (2010). 叢書集成初編, Volumes 3277-3283. The Commercial Press. p. 83.

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