Confédération africaine des travailleurs croyants de l'A.E.F

The Confédération africaine des travailleurs croyants de l'A.E.F ('African Confederation of Believing Workers of French Equatorial Africa', abbreviated C.A.T.C-A.E.F) was a trade union confederation in French Equatorial Africa. CATC was founded in Pointe-Noire January 2–6, 1957 by the branches of the French trade union centre C.F.T.C in Gabon, Moyen-Congo, Chad and Ubangi-Shari.[2] Gilbert Pongault was the chairman of C.A.T.C-A.E.F. The C.A.T.C-A.E.F retained a separate organization from the West African C.A.T.C, which had been formed a few months earlier. The two organizations did however maintain contacts between each other, albeit the attitude of C.A.T.C.-A.E.F towards its counterpart was characterized by jealousy towards the stronger unions in West Africa.[3]

Confédération africaine des travailleurs croyants de l'A.E.F
FoundedJanuary 2, 1957 (1957-01-02)
HeadquartersB.P. 666, Brazzaville, Moyen-Congo[1]
  • French Equatorial Africa
Key people
Gilbert Pongualt, chairman

C.A.T.C-A.E.F claimed to be an apolitical trade union organization. C.A.T.C-A.E.F supported pluralism in the trade union movement and the notion of Pan-Africa Christian trade unionism.[4] However, by using the word 'Believer' instead of 'Christian' (as in the original C.F.T.C name), C.A.T.C-A.E.F sought to include Muslim workers. Still, C.A.T.C-A.E.F was funded by the Catholic Church and became an affiliate of the International Federation of Christian Trade Unions.[5] And in spite of its apolitical profile, C.A.T.C-A.E.F did produce cadres for political parties, such as U.D.D.I.A in Congo.[4]

In 1959 Pongault founded a new organization, Union panafricaine des travailleurs croyants ('Pan-African Union of Believing Workers' U.P.T.C), seeking to expand its activities beyond French Equatorial Africa.[3] The local branches of C.A.T.C-A.E.F became national trade union centres, affiliated to UPTC.[6] National trade union centres born out C.A.T.C-A.E.F were C.A.T.C-Congo, C.A.T.C-Gabon, C.A.T.C-Republique Centrafricaine, C.A.T.C-Tchad (later renamed the Confédération tchadienne de travail).[6]

References edit

  1. ^ Congrès, Vol. 12, International Federation of Christian Trade Unions. p. 514
  2. ^ Meynaud, Jean, and Anisse Salah Bey. Trade Unionism in Africa. Lond: Methuen, 1967. pp. 59-60, 166
  3. ^ a b Thompson, Virginia, and Richard Adloff. The emerging states of French Equatorial Africa. 1960. pp. 274-275
  4. ^ a b Bazenguissa-Ganga, Rémy. Les voies du politique au Congo: essai de sociologie historique. Paris: Karthala, 1997. p. 38
  5. ^ Schmidt, Elizabeth. Cold War and Decolonization in Guinea, 1946-1958. Athens: Ohio University Press, 2007. p. 117
  6. ^ a b United States. Labor Digests on Countries in Africa. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Dept. of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, 1966. pp. x, xiv, xix, xxxviii