Concrete plant

A concrete plant, also known as a batch plant or batching plant or a concrete batching plant, is equipment that combines various ingredients to form concrete. Some of these inputs include water, air, admixtures, sand, aggregate (rocks, gravel, etc.), fly ash, silica fume, slag, and cement. A concrete plant can have a variety of parts and accessories, including: mixers (either tilt drum or horizontal or in some cases both), cement batchers, aggregate batchers, conveyors, radial stackers, aggregate bins, cement bins, heaters, chillers, cement silos, batch plant controls, and dust collectors.

A typical non-North American design of concrete plant. Longer conveyors and screw-fed cementitious materials slow down production significantly.

The heart of the concrete batching plant is the mixer, and there are many types of mixers such as Tilt Drum, Pan, Planetary, Single Shaft and Twin shaft mixer. The twin shaft mixer can ensure an even mixture of concrete through the use of high horsepower motors, while the tilt mixer offers a comparatively large batch of concrete mix. In North America, the predominant central mixer type is a tilt drum style, while in Europe and other parts of the world, a Twin Shaft Mixer is more prevalent. A Pan or Planetary mixer is more common at a precast plant. Aggregate bins have 2 to 6 compartments for storage of various sand and aggregate (rocks, gravel, etc.) sizes, while cement silos are typically one or two compartments, but at times up to 4 compartments in a single silo. Conveyors are typically between 24-48 inches wide and carry aggregate from the ground hopper to the aggregate bin, as well as from the aggregate batcher to the charge chute.

A Twin shaft Concrete Mixer Which most common in Concrete Plants

The aggregate batcher also named as aggregate bins, is used for storage and batch the sand, gravel and crushed stone of the concrete plant. There are also many types of aggregate batchers, but most of them measured aggregate by weighing, some use the weighing hopper, some use the weighing belt.

The cement silos are an indispensable device in the production of concrete. It mainly stores bulk cement, fly ash, mineral powder and others. There are 3 types of cement silos, bolted cement silos, Horizontal cement silos and integrated cement silos. Integrated cement silos made in factory, it can be used directly. Bolted cement silo bolted for easy installation and removal. Horizontal cement silos have lower requirements on foundations and can be transported by truck or flatbed without disassembly.

Cement Silos

The screw conveyor is a machine to transfer the materials from the cement silos to the powder weighing hopper.

Screw Conveyor

Concrete plant use the control system to control the working of the machine. concrete batch plants employ computer aided control to assist in fast and accurate measurement of input constituents or ingredients. With concrete performance so dependent on accurate water measurement, systems often use digital scales for cementitious materials and aggregates, and moisture probes to measure aggregate water content as it enters the aggregate batcher to automatically compensate for the mix design water/cement ratio target. Many producers find moisture probes work well only in sand, and with marginal results on larger sized aggregate.

Automatic Control System

TypesEdit

There are many classification standards for concrete plants. Concrete Plant can be divided into dry mix plant and wet mixing plant depending on whether a central mixer is used. It can be also divided into stationary concrete plant and mobile concrete plant depending on whether can be moveable.

Dry mix Concrete PlantEdit

A Dry mix Concrete Plant, also known as Transit Mix Plant, weighs sand, gravel and cement in weigh batchers via digital or manual scales . All the ingredients then are discharged into a chute which discharges into a truck. Meanwhile, water is either being weighed or volumetrically metered and discharged through the same charging chute into the mixer truck. These ingredients are then mixed for a minimum of 70 to 100 revolutions during transportation to the jobsite.

Wet mix Concrete PlantEdit

A Wet mix Concrete Plant, combines some or all of the above ingredients (including water) at a central location into a Concrete Mixer - that is, the concrete is mixed at a single point, and then simply agitated on the way to the jobsite to prevent setting (using agitors or ready mix trucks) or hauled to the jobsite in an open-bodied dump truck. Dry mix differ from Wet mix plants in that Wet Mix contain a central mixer whereas dry, which can offer a more consistent mixture in a shorter time (generally 5 minutes or less). Dry mix plants typically see more break strength standard deviation and variation from load to load because of inconsistencies in mix times, truck blade and drum conditions, traffic conditions, etc. With a Central Mix plant, all loads see the same mixing action and there is an initial quality control point when discharging from the central mixer. Certain plants combine both Dry and Wet characteristics for increased production or for seasonality. le A Mobile batch plant can be constructed on a large job site.[1]

Mobile Concrete PlantEdit

The mobile batch plant, also known as a portable concrete plant is a very productive, reliable and cost effective piece of equipment to produce batches of concrete. It allows the user to batch concrete at most any location then move to another location and batch concrete. Portable plants are the best choice for temporary site projects or even stationary locations where the equipment height is a factor or the required production rate is lower.

Stationary Concrete PlantEdit

The stationary concrete plant is designed for produce high-quality concrete. It has the advantages of large output, high efficiency, high stability and high specification. Stationary Concrete Batching Plant adopts reliable and flexible , it easy to maintenance and owning a low failure rate. It is widely used in various projects such as roads and bridges, ports, tunnels, dams and buildings.

ApplicationEdit

Typical concrete plants are used for ready mix, civil infrastructure, and precast applications.

For Ready MixEdit

The global Ready Mix Concrete (RMC) market is valued at US$394.44 Billion in 2017 and is expected to reach US$624.82 Billion by the end of 2025, growing at a CAGR of 5.92% between 2016 and 2022.[2] The Concrete Plant for Produce Ready Mix Concrete is also called as Ready Mix Concrete Plant, it is generally located inside the city, transporting ready-mixed concrete for the projects through concrete truck mixers. Ready Mix concrete plants have higher requirements for durability, reliability, safety and environmental protection of the concrete plant's system.

For Precast ApplicationsEdit

The Precast concrete, also named as a PC component, is a concrete product that is processed in a standardized process in the factory. Compared with cast-in-place concrete, precast concrete can be produced, poured and cured in batches. At the same time, the precast concrete batching plant has the safer construction environment, lower cost, and high quality products; the construction speed can be guaranteed. In addition, it is widely used in transportation, construction, water conservancy and other fields.

Across the globe, Precast & Prestress operations are industry giants. Precast & Prestress producers can be credited for supplying the utmost critical segments utilized for world-wide infrastructure to include buildings, bridges, parking decks, road surfaces, retaining walls.

Dust and water pollutionEdit

Municipalities, especially in urban or residential areas, have been concerned at the pollution by concrete batching plants.[3] The absence of suitable dust collection and filter systems in cement silos or at the truck loading point is the major source of particulate matter emission in the air. The loading point is a large emission point for dust pollution, so many concrete producers utilize central dust collectors to contain this dust. Notably, many transit mix (dry loading) plants create significantly more dust pollution than central mix plants due to the nature of the batching process. A final source of concern for many municipalities is the presence of extensive water runoff and reuse for water spilled on a producer's sites.

ReferencesEdit