Command and Staff College
The Command and Staff College (Urdu: اادارہَِ سالاری و عمال عسکری) is a Pakistani military training institution where officers receive staff training and education. It was temporarily established in 1905 at Deolali (near Bombay) and later shifted to Quetta in 1907, Baluchistan, British India, now in Pakistan. It has been the alma mater of many renowned soldiers from countries all around the world.
ادارہَِ سالاری و عمال عسکری
|Motto||"Pir Sho Biyamooz – Saadi"|
|Type||Constituent college of the National Defence University, Islamabad|
|Commandant||Maj Gen Amer Ahsan Nawaz|
|Sports||Football, horse riding, cricket|
The college was previously affiliated with the University of Balochistan but is now affiliated with the National Defence University (NDU) along with other staff and war colleges of Pakistan Navy and Air Force.
The Command and Staff College is located at Quetta, the capital city of Balochistan, at the entrance to the Urak valley. To the north, south-east and south-west stand Takatu, Murdarghar and Chiltan, rising to heights of 930–1020 metres (10-11,000 ft). Lower than the Murdarghar and closer to the Staff College, is the Sleeping Beauty, which takes its name from its uncanny resemblance to a lady in repose. She is at her best when the first winter snow throws her in sharp contrast against the skyline.
A scroll runs through the swords on which are inscribed the Persian words Pir Sho Biyamooz – Saadi. Its literal translation is Grow old learning – Saadi, who was a famous Persian poet. When paraphrased, it means, "Go on learning and acquiring knowledge until you are old."
The college is headed by a commandant who is a major general, and is organised into two wings, namely, the Headquarters Wing and the Instructional Wing. The Instructional Wing, headed by a Chief Instructor (a Brigadier), is the mainstay of the college. The Senior Instructor Training (a Colonel) is responsible for curricular management and programming of all related activities, he is assisted General Staff Officer Grade 2, training 1. The faculty of research and doctrinal studies, commonly known as FORADS, is headed by a director of the rank of Colonel or Brigadier with four research sections and one IT and media wing, each being managed by a Directing Staff / Colonel member.
The Instructional Wing has four instructional divisions, each under a Senior Instructor of the rank of Colonel. The Headquarters Wing provides administrative support to the Instructional Wing.
It is a well-reputed seat of learning for warfare and allied staff aspects with a student body of approx. 400 officers, which include nearly 30 officers from over 23 allied nations. The Allied Officers form an important segment of the College community, adding color and giving a cosmopolitan touch to life at the College. There are about 52 members on the faculty at any one time making an instructor to student ratio of about 1:8, which is amongst the highest in the world.
At the end of the year, the graduate should:
- Possess an insight into the employment of forces in tactical operations under the battlefield environment.
- Be able to handle operational and administrative staff functions and prepare his outfit to perform its peace and war time roles.
- Be able to discern the place of tactical plans within the ambit of operational strategy and joint services warfare.
- Be able to apply leadership and management skills within the socio-religious setting.
- Be able to research issues of professional import.
- Be able to comprehend international and regional political order.
- Develop the skill to identify the central issue of military problems, and present options for their resolution.
The Pakistani officers who attend the course must meet the following requirements:
- Rank/Service: Majors with 8–12 years service.
- Courses: respective arm/service Mid Career Course and Promotion Examinations.
- Selection Criteria: based on merit list of a competitive examination, service record and professional standing.
- Civil: preferably Bachelor of Arts/Science to qualify for the award of Master of Science degree in Art and Science of Warfare from the National Defence University, Islamabad.
- Field Marshals
- The 1st Earl Wavell
- The 1st Viscount Montgomery of Alamein
- Sir Claude Auchinleck
- The 1st Viscount Slim (United Kingdom)
- Sir Thomas Blamey (Australia)
- Ayub Khan (Pakistan)
- Sam Manekshaw (India)
- KM Cariappa (India)
- Musa Khan, Yahya Khan, Gul Hassan Khan, Tikka Khan, Rahimuddin Khan, Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq, Mirza Aslam Beg, Asif Nawaz and Pervez Musharraf who all, later, became Pakistan Army's Chiefs or Chairmen Joint Chiefs
- General M. A. G. Osmani, Supreme Commander of Bangladesh Forces during the Bangladesh Liberation War
- Lieutenant General Ziaur Rahman, Bir Uttom, former President and 2nd Chief of Army Staff of Bangladesh, and commanded the Z Force and BDF Sector 1 and Sector 11 in the Bangladesh Liberation War. For his valient role as a company commander in the Indo-Pakistani War of 1965 at Khemkaran Sector he was awarded Hilal-i-Jur'at also.
- Major General Raza Muhammad
- Brigadier General Daniel Austin
- General Tan Sri Mohammad Ghazali Che Mat, Chief of Malaysian Armed Forces from 1985 to 1987
The Citadel is a publication of the Command and Staff College, Quetta. It provides a forum for the expression of thoughts on doctrinal and conceptual issues and other matters of professional import, or those related to national security and interest. It was instituted in 1984, as an exclusively professional magazine, on the directions of General Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq, then President of Pakistan and Chief of the Army Staff. The name denotes both the territorial and ideological moorings. Prior to this, articles of such nature were published (regularly since 1947) in the College year-book, known at various times as Owl Pie (1921), The Owl (1922–78) and The Review (1979–83).
Associated clubs include:
Shikar (Shooting) Club There is good shooting club within motoring distance of the College. Shikar trips are occasionally organized by the Club.
Saddle Club The College has 30 ponies for officers interested in riding. Membership of the Club is also open to ladies and children above eight years of age. Interested officers are expected to bring their own riding kit. Traditionally, the Club is extensively patronized by the allied officers community.
Polo Polo is played with enthusiasm, even if sometimes without matching skills, and the season extends from April to November.
Al-Nisa Club The College traditionally runs a very active ladies club which is known for its colourful and interesting activities. Meetings are normally held once a fortnight.
Allied Officers Cell This cell functions under the Senior Instructor Training and deals with all matters related to guidance and welfare of Allied Officers. A member of the faculty and a Pakistani student officer is assigned to each Allied Officer to make his stay pleasant and comfortable.
A number of outdoor facilities are provided inside the College campus and in the foothills of the mountains. Barki Park not only provides entertainment for children but also a soothing relief for the students and their families, especially with traditional live Rabab music every weekend. The entertainment facilities include a pizza and coffee shop, skating arena, zip line, rock climbing arena, lush green lawns with water oscillators, various shades of all weather roses and a lot more. Uplifting of the park, Project Green, was outsourced to Mr. Saadat Nabi Sherwani and Co. Project Green has been completed with a lot of Horticultural innovations by the designer.
Libraries The Command and Staff College has a Main and a Fiction Library. The Fiction Library has a good selection of weekly and monthly magazines in addition to books that offer a variety of light readings. The Main Library houses books, mainly professional in nature. A large number of international newspapers and magazines on professional and general subjects are also available in the Main Library.
Museum The College has a small museum, which was inaugurated on 16 May 1979. This Museum houses various items of interest and historical value pertaining to the College.
Officers Mess The Officers Mess is lodged in an elegant building with an impressive interior decor in traditional style. Most of the formal functions are held in the Mess. The Mess premises are also used for hosting private parties in accordance with the Mess Instructions. A snack bar, next to the Mess, functions in the evening. It was reconstructed in 1939.
Children's Schooling The College runs an English-medium secondary School and College, the Iqra Army Public School and College, for the benefit of children of the student officers and the faculty.
List Of CommandantsEdit
|Brig Gen A. W. L. Bayly||Apr 1905-Mar 1906|
|Brig Gen T. Capper||Mar 1906 - Jan 1911|
|Brig Gen W. P. Braithwaite||Jan 1911- Aug 1914|
|WW-I||Aug 1914 -Jun 1919|
|Maj Gen Sir L. R. Vaughan||Jun 1919 -Jan 1923|
|Maj Gen Sir Gerald F. Boyd||Jan 1923 - J an 1927|
|Maj Gen C. A. C. Goodwin||Jan 1927 - Dec 1927|
|Maj Gen E. T. Humphreys||Jan 1928 - Aug 1931|
|Maj Gen R. C. Wilson||Sep 1931 - Oct 1934|
|Maj Gen G. C. Williams||Oct 1934 - Apr 1937|
|Maj Gen A . B. Haig||Apr 1937 - Mar 1940|
|Brig A. F. P. Christison||Mar 1940- Feb 1941|
|Brig C. A. Osborne||Feb 1941 - Apr 1942|
|Brig G .C. Evans||Apr 1942 - Aug 1943|
|Brig B. H. Chappel||Aug 1943 - Jun 1944|
|Brig H. V. Collingridge||Jun 1944 - Mar 1945|
|Maj Gen S. F. Irwin||Mar 1945 - Mar 1947|
|Maj Gen H. L. Davies||Apr 1947 - Aug 1947|
|Maj Gen S. F. Irwin||Aug 1947 - Feb 1948|
|Maj Gen I. C. A. Lauder||Feb 1948 - Mar 1952|
|Maj Gen A. Tilly||Apr 1952 - Aug 1954|
|Maj Gen M. A. Latif Khan||Aug 1954 - Jul 1957|
|Maj Gen M. G. Jilani||Jul 1957 - Dec 1958|
|Maj Gen S. A. A. Bilgrami||Dec 1958 - Dec 1962|
|Maj Gen Sahabzada Yaqub Khan||Jan 1963 - Sep 1965|
|Period without Commandant||Sep 1965 - May 1966 Indo-Pak War|
|Maj Gen Akhtar Hussain Malik||May 1966 - Jun 1967|
|Maj Gen Abrar Hussain||Aug 1967 - Mar 1968|
|Maj Gen Muhammad Shariff||May 1968 - Jan 1970|
|Maj Gen Azmat Bakhsh Awan||Feb 1970 - Feb 1972|
|Maj Gen Riaz Azim||Feb 1972 - Dec 1974|
|Maj Gen S. Wajahat Hussain||Jan 197 5 - Jul 1977|
|Maj Gen Muhammad Iqbal||Jul 1977 - Sep 1979|
|Maj Gen Ahmed Shamim Khan||Sep 1979 - Aug 1982|
|Maj Gen Muhammad Safdar||Aug 1982 - Sep 1985|
|Maj Gen Rahim Dil Bhatti||Sep 1985 - May 1988|
|Maj Gen Amin Khan Berki||May 1988 - May 1990|
|Lt Gen Syed Tanwir Husain Naqvi||Jun 1990 - Dec 1991|
|Maj Gen Ali Kuli Khan Khattak||Feb 1992 - Jun 1993|
|Maj Gen Saeed uz Zafar||Jul 1993 - Dec 1995|
|Maj Gen Syed Mohammad Amjad||Dec 1995 - Dec 1998|
|Maj Gen Javaid Afzal Khan||Dec 1998 - Nov 1999|
|Maj Gen/Lt Gen Tariq Waseem Ghazi||Feb 2000 - May 2001|
|Maj Gen Malik Arif Hayat||May 2001 - May 2002|
|Maj Gen Mohsin Kamal||May 2002 - April 2005|
|Maj Gen Ahmad Shuja Pasha||Apr 2005 - Apr 2006|
|Maj Gen/Lt Gen Khalid Nawaz Khan||May 2006 - May 2010|
|Maj Gen/Lt Gen Khalid Rabbani||May 2010 - Nov 2011|
|Maj Gen Sohail Ahmad Khan||Nov 2011 - Jan 2014|
|Maj Gen Shahid Baig Mirza||Jan 2014 - May 2015|
|Maj Gen/Lt Gen Aamir Abbasi||May 2015 - Dec 2017|
|Maj Gen Sarfraz Ali||Jan 2018 - Oct 2018|
|Maj Gen / Lt Gen Nadeem Ahmed Anjum||Nov 2018 - Dec 2020|
|Maj Gen Amer Ahsan Nawaz||Dec 2020 -|
- "Command and Staff College (a profile)". Pakistan Army, Government of Pakistan website. 10 April 2009. Archived from the original on 9 July 2017. Retrieved 24 May 2021.
- "Foreign Affairs Pakistan pages 1 and 7". Google Books website. 5 December 2007. Retrieved 25 May 2021.
- David O. Smith. "Book Review of 'The Quetta Experience: Attitudes and Values within Pakistan's Army'". Wilson Center organization website. Retrieved 25 May 2021.
- (Associated Press of Pakistan) 37 Sri Lankan graduates of Quetta Command & Staff College honoured The News International (newspaper), Published 23 July 2020, Retrieved 25 May 2021
- "Profile of Command & Staff College, Quetta". Army Staff College website. Retrieved 25 May 2021.
- "Pakistan Army Web Portal". Pakistan Army website. Retrieved 25 May 2021.
- Collge, Command & Staff (7 April 2018). "Command & Staff College Quetta ISP Pakistan Army PIR SHO BEAMOUZ SAADI ArmyStaffCollege: Publications – CITADEL". armystaffcollege.blogspot.com. Retrieved 25 May 2021.
- Kamran Yousaf (27 November 2016). "How the dark horse rose as army chief". The Express Tribune (newspaper). Retrieved 25 May 2021.
- The Staff College, Quetta. The First Fifty Years of The Staff College Quetta, 1906–1955. (Quetta: The Staff College, 1962). 80 pages.