Comcomly

Comcomly (or Concomly) (1765 – 1830)[1] was a leader of the Lower Chinook people located near the present day city of Ilwaco, Washington. Referred to as "Chief" or "'King", a derogatory term, Comcomly in contemporaneous journals,[2][3]

Comcomly
Portrait of Chief Comcomly.jpg
Chief Comcomly as he may have appeared in the early 1800s
Lower_Chinook leader
Personal details
Born1765
Died1830
Cause of deathMalaria
Resting placePacific County, Washington
ChildrenElvamox (Marianne), Raven (Princess Sunday), Ilchee (Princess Of Wales)

Washington Irving described him in his book Astoria as "a shrewd old savage, with but one eye," and referred to his trade and diplomacy skills.[3] Modern historian James Ronda characterizes Comcomly as a talented diplomat and shrewd businessman.[4] He was friendly to the British and Euro-American explorers whom he encountered, including Robert Gray and George Vancouver,[5] and he received peace medals from Lewis and Clark.[3] He also assisted the Pacific Fur Company, also known as the Astor Expedition, and offered to help the Americans fight the British during the War of 1812, but Astoria was sold to the British instead.[3] Comcomly was friendly with the British as well.[3] He was entertained at Fort Vancouver by John McLoughlin and he piloted Hudson's Bay Company ships up the Columbia.[3]

Comcomly's tomb; engraving after Alfred Thomas Agate

FamilyEdit

 
Cenotaph commemorating the Comcomly family, Greenwood Cemetery, Astoria, Oregon

Comcomly's daughter Elvamox, also known as Marianne, married Duncan McDougall of the Pacific Fur Company, and after he left she married Etienne Alexis Aubichon, also a fur trader.[6] She was the mother of one son and six daughters.[7] Another of Comcomly's daughters, Koale'xoa[8] (also known as Raven or Princess Sunday), married Archibald McDonald.[3] She was the mother of Ranald MacDonald.[3] Another of Comcomly's daughters, Ilchee, also known as Princess Of Wales, married Alexander McKenzie, a clerk with the Hudson's Bay Company who was killed in 1828 by S'Kallem tribal members.[9]

DescendantsEdit

Descendants of Comcomly include Chinook elder and historian Catherine Troeh [10] and United States Ambassador J. Christopher Stevens, who perished in Libya during the 2012 militant attack on the US consulate in Benghazi.[11]

DeathEdit

Comcomly died in 1830 when a fever epidemic struck his tribe.[3] His remains were interred in a canoe, per Chinook custom, in the family burial ground.[12] In 1835, Comcomly's skull was stolen from his grave by a Hudson's Bay Company physician and sent to England for display in the Royal Naval Hospital Haslar Museum. Although damaged in The Blitz during World War II, the skull was eventually sent to the Clatsop County Historical Society in Astoria in 1953, and then to the Smithsonian Institution in 1956.[13] In 1972, it was finally repatriated to Chinook tribal members for reburial.[14]

NamesakesEdit

There was a station of the Oregon Electric Railway in Marion County named "Concomly".[15] Concomly Road, Salem, Oregon.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Sheldon, T. "Ilwaco Cemetery Records". Cemetery Records Online. Interment.net. Retrieved 2012-02-01.
  2. ^ Henry, Alexander; Thompson, David (1897). Elliott Coues (ed.). New Light on the Early History of the Greater Northwest: The Manuscript Journals of Alexander Henry and David Thompson, 1799-1814, Volume II (Hardback). New York: Francis P. Harper. Retrieved May 12, 2014.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i Cogswell, Jr., Philip (1977). Capitol Names: Individuals Woven Into Oregon's History. Portland, Oregon: Oregon Historical Society. p. 103.
  4. ^ Ronda, James P. (1990). Astoria and Empire. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press. pp. 198–297. ISBN 0-8032-8942-1.
  5. ^ Floris, Beryl Marjory Brown (1980). Elvamox: Memories of a Pacific Northwest Family. Nevada City: John Balogh Floris. p. 7.
  6. ^ Barman, Jean (2015). French Canadians, Furs, and Indigenous Women in the Making of the Pacific Northwest. UBC Press. p. 131.
  7. ^ Floris, Beryl Marjory Brown (1980). Elvamox: Memories of a Pacific Northwest Family. Nevada City: John Balogh Floris. p. 72.
  8. ^ "Ranald MacDonald (1824-1894)". oregonencyclopedia.org. Retrieved 2018-02-06.
  9. ^ History of American Indians: Exploring Diverse Roots; By Robert R. McCoy, Steven M. Fountain
  10. ^ Kamb, Lewis (2003-12-12). "Roommates discover a bond going back to Lewis and Clark". The Seattle Times. Retrieved 2007-07-25.
  11. ^ Jenni Monet (2012-09-28). "Ambassador J. Christopher Stevens' Mother Spells Out Family Legacy". Indian Country Today Media Network. Retrieved 2012-09-29.
  12. ^ Mussulman, Joseph. “Chief Comcomly's Tomb”, Discovering Lewis and Clark. Retrieved on 2008-07-13.
  13. ^ Stewart, Thomas Dale (1960). The Chinook Sign of Freedom: A Study of the Skull of the Famous Chief Comcomly. Washington: Smithsonian Institution. p. 20.
  14. ^ Schodt, Frederik L. (2003). Native American in the Land of the Shogun: Ranald MacDonald and the Opening of Japan. Berkeley: Stone Bridge Press. p. 24. ISBN 1880656787.
  15. ^ McArthur, Lewis A.; McArthur, Lewis L. (2003) [1928]. Oregon Geographic Names (7th ed.). Portland, Oregon: Oregon Historical Society Press. ISBN 978-0875952772.

External linksEdit