Clima (meaning Climate in English) was a cultural magazine published in Sao Paulo, Brazil.[1] Ismail Xavier argues that although it existed just for three years from 1941 to 1944, the magazine significantly influenced cultural criticism in Brazil.[2]

CategoriesCultural magazine
FounderGrupo Clima
First issueMay 1941
Final issue1944
Based inSao Paulo

History and profileEdit

Clima was established in 1941[3][4] and the first issue appeared in May 1941.[1] The founders were the Brazilian intellectuals,[5] who were called the Grupo Clima.[1] One of the founders was Paulo Emilio Salles Gomes.[3] The others included Antonio Candido, Décio de Almeida Prado, Gilda de Mello e Souza, Ruy Coelho and Lourival Gomes Machado.[2] Antonio Candido also worked for the magazine as a literary critic,[6] which was published on a monthly basis.[1] Clima existed until 1944.[4]


  1. ^ a b c d Carmen Nava; Ludwig Lauerhass (2006). Brazil in the Making: Facets of National Identity. Rowman & Littlefield. p. 86. ISBN 978-0-7425-3757-6.
  2. ^ a b Ismail Xavier (November 2012). "Presence of Paulo Emilio". Revista Pesquisa. Archived from the original on 2 January 2017. Retrieved 20 November 2016.
  3. ^ a b Peter H. Rist (2014). Historical Dictionary of South American Cinema. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers. p. 506. ISBN 978-0-8108-8036-8.
  4. ^ a b Heloisa Pontes. "Ar de família: a turma de Clima". Literatura e Sociedade (in Portuguese).
  5. ^ Heloisa Pontes (2003). "Cities and intellectuals: the Partisan Review "new yorkers" and the Clima "paulistas," between 1930 and 1950". Revista Brasileira de Ciências Sociais. 18 (53).
  6. ^ "Antonio Candido (1918- )". Brown University. Retrieved 20 November 2016.