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Eurydice (Greek: Εὐρυδίκη), born Cleopatra (Greek: Κλεοπάτρα) was a mid-4th century BC Macedonian noblewoman, niece of Attalus, and last of the seven wives[1] of Philip II of Macedon.

BiographyEdit

Cleopatra was a maiden whom Philip married either in 338[2] or 337[3] BCE.[4] As Philip's wife, Cleopatra was given the name "Eurydice". Although Philip was a polygamist, his marriage to Cleopatra greatly upset Olympias, his fourth wife and the mother of Alexander the Great, and threw Alexander's inheritance into question.

According to both Justin[5] and Satyrus,[6] Cleopatra Eurydice and Philip produced two children, Europa, a girl, and Caranus, a boy.[7] Following Philip's assassination, both children were murdered by Olympias, whereupon Cleopatra took her own life.[8] Peter Green strongly suggests that Alexander ordered the death of Caranus, but that the deaths of Europa and Cleopatra were the result of Olympias's vindictiveness.

Popular cultureEdit

Her life before meeting Philip was told in Historie. But she already had Eurydice as her name before being engaged to Philip. And sh was the girlfriend of Eumenes before Attalus gave her to Philip, forcing Eumenes to break up with her and want to retire early.

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Green, Peter. Alexander of Macedon 356-323 B.C: A Historical Biography
  2. ^ Green, Peter. Alexander of Macedon 356-323 B.C: A Historical Biography
  3. ^ Tarn
  4. ^ Plutarch, The Life of Alexander, 9
  5. ^ Junianus Justinus, Epitome of Pompeius Trogus, ix. 7
  6. ^ Satyrus of Athens (13.557e)
  7. ^ William Woodthorpe Tarn ignores Europa entirely and disputes even the existence of Caranus.
  8. ^ Pausanias, Description of Greece, viii. 7. 7; Justin, ibid.; Plutarch, Parallel Lives, "Alexander" x. 4

ReferencesEdit

External linksEdit