Classe Operaia (Italian: Working Class) was a Marxist monthly magazine which was published in Italy for three years between 1964 and 1967. Its subtitle was "political monthly of the workers in struggle."

Classe Operaia
CategoriesPolitical magazine
First issueJanuary 1964
Final issueMarch 1967

History and profile


Classe Operaia was founded by a group of Marxist intellectuals who left another Marxist magazine entitled Quaderni Rossi.[1][2] They planned to be involved in more direct political activity through Classe Operaia.[3] The first issue of Classe Operaia came out in January 1964.[1][4] Asor Rosa and Mario Tronti co-edited the magazine from its start in 1964 to 1966.[5] One of the contributors was philosopher Antonio Negri.[6]

Target audience of Classe Operaia was the workers,[6] and it was not only a theoretical publication, but also a practice-oriented publication.[7] The magazine's debut editorial, "Lenin in Inghilterra" (Italian: Lenin in England), by Mario Tronti emphasized the need to change the Marxist tradition which included the modification the dominant perspective of the period.[6][8] Such a change was reported to be related to first the working class and its struggles and to the capital and its development.[1] In the same issue an analysis of the technicians of production was presented which has been still used in the workerist theory and practice.[9] Its contributors claimed that the workers' strike at Fiat in Turin was so significant that it created a totally new revolutionary path in the Italian politics.[7] The magazine praised the efforts of Raniero Panzieri to support the workers' movement.[4]

The last issue of Classe Operaia appeared in March 1967.[1] It was succeeded by another magazine Contropiano which was started in 1968.[7]

In 1979 a Milan-based publishing house, Machina Libri, reproduced all issues of Classe Operaia.[10]


  1. ^ a b c d "Classe Operaia" (in Italian). Conricerca. Retrieved 29 March 2022.
  2. ^ Fabio Guidali (2021). "Intellectuals at the factory gates: Early Italian operaismo from Raniero Panzieri to Mario Tronti". Labor History. 62 (4): 463. doi:10.1080/0023656X.2021.1955095. S2CID 237713870.
  3. ^ Valdo Spini (January–April 1972). "The New Left in Italy". Journal of Contemporary History. 7 (1–2): 56. doi:10.1177/002200947200700103. JSTOR 259757.
  4. ^ a b Steve Wright (2002). Storming Heaven: Class Composition and Struggle in Italian Autonomist Marxism. London: Pluto Press. pp. 16, 63. ISBN 9781786801173.
  5. ^ Fabio Guidali (2020). "Culture and political commitment in the nonorthodox Marxist Left: the case of Quaderni piacentini in pre-1968 Italy". History of European Ideas. 46 (6): 869. doi:10.1080/01916599.2020.1756892. S2CID 219036376.
  6. ^ a b c Andrew Anastasi (2020). "Book review. New Uses for Old Thought: Mario Tronti's Copernican Revolution, 50 Years On". Critical Sociology. 46 (7–8): 1304. doi:10.1177/0896920520911995. S2CID 219079732.
  7. ^ a b c Adelino Zanini (January 2010). "On the `Philosophical Foundations' of Italian Workerism: A Conceptual Approach". Historical Materialism. 18 (4): 41. doi:10.1163/156920610X550604.
  8. ^ Gigi Roggero (June 2010). "Organized Spontaneity: Class Struggle, Workers' Autonomy, and Soviets in Italy". WorkingUSA: The Journal of Labor and Society. 13 (2): 204. doi:10.1111/j.1743-4580.2010.00283.x.
  9. ^ Sergio Bologna (15 December 2014). "Workerism Beyond Fordism: On the Lineage of Italian Workerism". Viewpoint Magazine. Retrieved 31 May 2023.
  10. ^ ""Classe Operaia"". Machina (in Italian). 30 October 2020. Retrieved 1 June 2023.