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Civil Rights Restoration Act of 1987

The Civil Rights Restoration Act, or Grove City Bill, was a US legislative act that specified that recipients of federal funds must comply with civil rights laws in all areas, not just in the particular program or activity that received federal funding. The Act was first passed by the House in June 1984 (375–32) but failed to pass in either chamber after divisions occurred within the civil rights coalition over the issue of abortion. In January 1988, the Senate accepted an amendment by Senator John Danforth (R-MO), which added "abortion-neutral" language to the Bill, a move opposed by the National Organization for Women but resulted in passage of the bill in both houses.

Civil Rights Restoration Act of 1987
Great Seal of the United States
Long titleAn Act to restore the broad scope of coverage and to clarify the application of title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972, section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, the Age Discrimination Act of 1975, and title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964
NicknamesGrove City Bill
Enacted bythe 100th United States Congress
Citations
Public lawPub.L. 100–259
Statutes at Large102 Stat. 28
Codification
Acts amendedCivil Rights Act of 1964
Education Amendments of 1972
Rehabilitation Act of 1973
Age Discrimination Act of 1975
Legislative history

Although President Ronald Reagan vetoed the Bill, as he had promised to do, Congress overrode the President's veto by 73–24 in the Senate and 292–133 in the House. It was the first veto of a civil rights act since Andrew Johnson vetoed the Civil Rights Act of 1866. The passage of this bill thus overturned the US Supreme Court's 1984 decision in Grove City College v. Bell. It applies to Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972, the 1973 Rehabilitation Act, Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, and the Age Discrimination in Employment Act.

SourcesEdit

  • Hugh Davis Graham, 'The Storm Over Grove City College: Civil Rights Regulation, Higher Education, and the Reagan Administration.' History of Education Quarterly 38 (2) (Winter 1998): 407-29.