Citânia de Santa Luzia

The Citânia de Santa Luzia (also known as the Old City of Santa Luzia) is an archaeological site of the Castro culture located in the Portuguese civil parish of Areosa in the municipality of Viana do Castelo.[1] Its construction dates from the Iron Age,[2] and it shows evidence of occupation during the Roman period.[1] The Castro was first dug in 1876 by Joaquim Possidonio Narciso da Silva.[1] Only about one third of the structures have been dug, with the remaining part being under or destroyed during the construction of the nearby hotel (1900 - c. 1910), church (1904 - 1943),[3] and respective roads.[2] The site also included a possibly medieval chapel dedicated to Saint Lucy which persisted, after some reconstructions, until 1926 when it was destroyed to give way to the Saint Lucy Church of Miguel Ventura Terra.[2]

Citânia de Santa Luzia
Citânia de Santa Luzia - Viana do Castelo - Portugal (6649483995).jpg
View of Citânia of Santa Luzia, showing house ruins
General information
TypeCastro
Architectural styleChalcolithic
LocationAreosa
Town or cityViana do Castelo
Country Portugal
Coordinates41°42′17″N 8°50′7″W / 41.70472°N 8.83528°W / 41.70472; -8.83528Coordinates: 41°42′17″N 8°50′7″W / 41.70472°N 8.83528°W / 41.70472; -8.83528
OwnerPortuguese Republic

ArchitectureEdit

 
View of Viana do Castelo from the Citânia
 
Citânia St Luzia, Viana Portugal

The Citânia was constructed on the top of the Santa Luzia hill, overseeing the Lima River's delta and is protected by three lines of walls, towers, and two moats.[1] The innermost walls (1.20 to 1.25 in thickness) enclose a 30m by 20m area that contains a single circular house and its only entrance faces West.[2]

Ruins of approximately 74 houses have been found.[4]

Most of them have circular foundations or elliptical, and few are rectangular.[1] The houses are found within small, walled neighborhoods.[1]

FindingsEdit

The findings of the Citânia de Santa Luzia include multiple ceramics of the Castro, Roman, and Visigothic eras.[2]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f "DGPC | Pesquisa Geral". www.patrimoniocultural.gov.pt. Retrieved 2020-08-06.
  2. ^ a b c d e Almeida, Carlos (2007). "Para a História da "cidade velha" de Santa Luzia" (PDF). Cadernos Vienenses. 40.
  3. ^ ncultura. "Santa Luzia (Viana do Castelo)". ncultura (in Portuguese). Retrieved 2020-08-06.
  4. ^ Viana, Abel (1955). "Citânia de Santa Luzia". ISSN 0514-7336. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)