Circaea canadensis

Circaea canadensis, known as eastern enchanter's nightshade, Canada enchanter's nightshade, broad-leaved enchanter's nightshade, is a perennial herbaceous plant found in forests of eastern North America.[3][4][5][1] It is very similar to its sister species, Circaea lutetiana, and was formerly considered conspecific (part of the same species).

Circaea canadensis
Circaea canadensis - Enchanters Nightshade.jpg
In Fairfax County, Virginia
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Myrtales
Family: Onagraceae
Genus: Circaea
C. canadensis
Binomial name
Circaea canadensis
(L.) Hill
  • Circaea alpestris Wallr.
  • Circaea latifolia
  • Circaea lutetiana var. canadensis L.
  • Circaea lutetiana subsp. canadensis (L.) Asch. & Magnus
  • Circaea quadrisulcata var. canadensis (L.) Á. Löve & D. Löve
  • Circaea x intermedia Ehrh. (C. alpina × C. lutetiana)


  1. ^ a b "Circaea canadensis (L.) Hill". Retrieved 2020-01-11.
  2. ^ "Circaea lutetiana subsp. canadensis (L.) Asch. & Magnus". Plants of the World Online. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Retrieved 22 July 2020.
  3. ^ "Circaea canadensis (Linnaeus) Hill". Retrieved 2020-01-11.
  4. ^ Weakley, Alan S. (2018), Flora of the Southern and Mid-Atlantic States, working draft of 20 August 2018, University of North Carolina Herbarium, North Carolina Botanical Garden, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
  5. ^ "Circaea canadensis". Retrieved 2020-01-11.