Christine Maxwell

Christine Yvonne Malina-Maxwell (born 15 August 1950) is a British Internet content pioneer and educator, best known as the creator and co-founder of Magellan. Maxwell also co-founded the software company Chiliad and is the author of several books. She is the Program Manager of Learning Technologies at the University of Texas at Dallas.

Christine Maxwell
Born (1950-08-15) 15 August 1950 (age 71)
CitizenshipUnited States
EducationPitzer College
Oxford Brookes University
University of Texas at Dallas
Known forInformation technology
(m. 1986)
RelativesIsabel Maxwell (twin sister)
Ghislaine Maxwell (sister)
Kevin Maxwell (brother)
Ian Maxwell (brother)

Early life and educationEdit

Christine Maxwell was born in Maisons Laffitte, France, on August 15, 1950.[1] She is the daughter of Elisabeth Maxwell, a French-born Holocaust scholar, and Robert Maxwell, a Czechoslovak-born British media proprietor. Her father was Jewish and her mother was of Huguenot descent. One of nine children, siblings include her twin sister Isabel Maxwell, brothers Kevin Maxwell and Ian Maxwell, and Ghislaine Maxwell. Her mother stated that all of her children were brought up Anglican.[2] In 1960, her family resided at Headington Hill Hall, where the offices to Robert Maxwell's Pergamon Press were located.

After attending senior school at Milham Ford School in Oxford, England, in 1969, she entered Pitzer College, Claremont, California, from which she received the degree of Bachelor of Arts with a major in Latin American Studies and Sociology in May 1972.

In September 1973, Maxwell entered Lady Spencer Churchill College of Education (Oxford Brookes University). She graduated in June 1974 with a Post Graduate Teaching Certificate. Maxwell later earned a master's degree in Interdisciplinary Studies from the University of Texas at Dallas.


Maxwell was an editor for Pergamon Press Publishers, in the early 1970s.

According to Tatler, Maxwell spent most of the 1970s and 1980s working for her father, which included running the West Coast office of Pergamon Press and involvement in one of his software acquisitions.[3]

From September 1974 to June 1976, Maxwell worked as a middle-school teacher at Shepherd's Hill Middle School in Blackbird Leys, Oxford.

In the late 1970s, she became a school editor for A. Wheaton & Company in Exeter, England. Maxwell is the author of The Pergamon Dictionary of Perfect Spelling,[4] first published by Pergamon Press Ltd. in 1977. The book became an international bestseller, proving valuable for dyslexic learners.[5] Maxwell rewrote and updated the book in 2005.[6] Her book has been republished several times: in 2005 under the title Dictionary of Perfect Spelling by Barrington Stoke Publishers, in 2007 under the title Spell it Right by Berlitz, and most recently as the School Spelling Dictionary in 2012 by Barrington Stoke.

Information technologyEdit

Maxwell became a resident of the San Francisco Bay Area in 1979.[7]

In 1982 Maxwell acquired Information on Demand, one of the earliest information brokers, which was later renamed Research on Demand.[3]

Maxwell is the creator and co-founder of Magellan, one of the first professionally curated online search/reference guides to Internet content.[7][8] In 1992, she created and co-authored one of the first hard-copy reference guides to the Internet: New Riders Official Internet Yellow Pages[9] and The McKinley Internet Yellow Pages;[10] both published by Macmillan Publishers in 1994 and 1995 respectively.

After Magellan was acquired by competing search engine Excite, in 1996,[11] she went on to co-found Chiliad:[12] a software company involved in the advance of on-demand, massively scalable, intelligent mining of structured and unstructured data through the use of natural language search technologies. The firm's software was behind the data search technology used by the FBI's counterterrorism data warehouse.[13] As of August 2019, Maxwell served as the board director of Chiliad, Inc.[5]

She is the Program Manager of Learning Technologies at The University of Texas at Dallas[14] where she is also involved in Special Projects for Information Resources.[5]

Maxwell is a former Trustee of the Internet Society[15] and The Santa Fe Institute.[16]

She serves on the boards of the International Center for Disability Resources on the Internet[17] and Leonardo/OLATS.[18]

In 2011, she was appointed an IPv6 Fellow[19] of the Internet Protocol version 6 Forum in recognition of her contributions to support the promotion, deployment, and technology advantages of version 6 around the world.

Other activitiesEdit

Maxwell was appointed director of The Environment4Change Foundation, a London-based environmental consulting organization, in June 2019.[20]

Personal lifeEdit

In June 1986, she married physicist and educator Roger Malina of Berkeley, California.[21] Maxwell and Malina have three children.[21] Maxwell has a second residence in France in Meyreuil, a village near Aix-en-Provence.[22]


  1. ^ Sabur, Rozina; Murphy, Margi; Hardy, Jack (2019-08-16). "Speculation grows Ghislaine Maxwell is planting appearances to throw the public off her scent". The Telegraph. ISSN 0307-1235. Retrieved 2020-07-15.
  2. ^ McFerran, Ann (April 11, 2004). "Relative Values: Elisabeth Maxwell, the widow of Robert Maxwell, and their daughter Isabel". The Sunday Times. Retrieved August 27, 2019.
  3. ^ a b Willis, Tim (April 2000). "Tatler Archive: The return of the Maxwells, as Ghislaine is finally found". Tatler. Retrieved 2020-07-14.
  4. ^ The Pergamon Dictionary of Perfect Spelling by Christine Maxwell, ""
  5. ^ a b c Wise, Kathy (2019-08-20). "Jeffrey Epstein Conspiracy Theories and Ghislaine Maxwell's Dallas Family Tree". D Magazine. Retrieved 2020-07-15.
  6. ^ Smithers, Rebecca (2005-06-23). "'I am not a Maxwell'". The Guardian. Retrieved 2020-07-15.
  7. ^ a b Abate, Tom (1995-08-14). "Serving up the web". SFGate. Retrieved 2020-07-14.
  8. ^ OnTheInternet: International Electronic Publication of the Internet Society, "" Archived 2012-09-25 at the Wayback Machine- September/October 1998. Maxwell's Silver Hammer: The Irresistable [sic], Irrepressible Christine Interview with ISOC's VP of Membership by Mark Stokes
  9. ^ "New Riders' official Internet yellow pages" by Christine Maxwell, Czeslaw Jan Grycz. New Riders Publishing, 1994.
  10. ^ "New Riders Official Internet Yellow Pages, 1996"
  11. ^ Internet Search Engine Companies Merging, "", Seattle Daily Journal of Commerce - July 1, 1996.
  12. ^ Company Overview of Chiliad, Inc."", Bloomberg Businessweek.
  13. ^ Data Search Technology Used by FBI Makes Its Way to Enterprises by Brian Prince, posted 2009-04-29 in "eWeek"
  14. ^ The University of Texas at Dallas staff directory, ""
  15. ^ Internet Society, 2002 Board of Trustees Election - Election Results, "" Archived 2016-03-04 at the Wayback Machine
  16. ^ Santa Fe Institute, 1993 Annual report on scientific programs: A broad research program on the sciences of complexity, ""
  17. ^ International Center for Disability Resources on the Internet, ""
  18. ^ Christine Maxwell, Leonardo/ISAST Advisory Board Member, ""
  19. ^ IPv6 Forum Fellows, IPv6 Forum Awards - Posted by : forum on Friday, May 09, 2008 - 05:12 PM, ""
  20. ^ "THE ENVIRONMENT4CHANGE FOUNDATION - Officers". Companies House. Retrieved 2020-07-15.
  21. ^ a b APOTHÉLOZ, Christian. "Elisabeth Jeanne Meynard Betty: Family Tree". Geneanet. Retrieved August 27, 2019.
  22. ^ Briquelet, Kate; Cartwright, Lachlan; Kennedy, Dana; Ross, Jamie; Frias, Jordan (August 15, 2019). "Jeffrey Epstein's 'Madam' Ghislaine Maxwell Spotted at In-N-Out Burger". The Daily Beast. Retrieved August 16, 2019.

External linksEdit