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Chlorine perchlorate is the chemical compound with the formula Cl2O4. This chlorine oxide is an asymmetric oxide, with one chlorine atom in oxidation state +1 and the other +7, with proper formula ClOClO3. It is produced by the photolysis of chlorine dioxide at room temperature with 436 nm ultraviolet light:[2][3]

Chlorine perchlorate
Dichlorine tetraoxide.svg
Chlorine perchlorate molecule spacefill.png
Names
IUPAC name
Chlorine perchlorate
Systematic IUPAC name
Chloro perchlorate[1]
Other names
Chlorine (I,VII) oxide
Dichlorine tetroxide
Identifiers
3D model (JSmol)
ChemSpider
Properties
Cl2O4
Molar mass 134.90 g·mol−1
Appearance Pale green liquid
Density 1.81 g cm−3
Melting point −117 °C (−179 °F; 156 K)
Boiling point 20 °C (68 °F; 293 K) (decomposes)
Reacts
Hazards
Main hazards oxidizer
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
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Infobox references
2 ClO2 → ClOClO3

Chlorine perchlorate can also be made the following reactions at −45 °C.

CsClO4 + ClOSO2F → Cs(SO3)F + ClOClO3

Chlorine perchlorate is a pale greenish liquid which decomposes at room temperature.

PropertiesEdit

It is less stable than ClO2 and decomposes to O2, Cl2 and Cl2O6 at room temperature.

2 ClOClO3O2 + Cl2 + Cl2O6

Chlorine perchlorate reacts with metal chlorides forming anhydrous perchlorates:

CrO2Cl2 + 2 ClOClO3 → 2 Cl2 + CrO2(ClO4)2
TiCl4 + 4 ClOClO3 → 4 Cl2 + Ti(ClO4)4

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Chloro Perchlorate - PubChem Public Chemical Database". The PubChem Project. USA: National Center for Biotechnology Information.
  2. ^ A. J. Schell-Sorokin; D. S. Bethune; J. R. Lankard; M. M. T. Loy; P. P. Sorokin (1982). "Chlorine perchlorate a major photolysis product of chlorine dioxide". J. Phys. Chem. 86 (24): 4653–4655. doi:10.1021/j100221a001.
  3. ^ M. I. Lopez; J. E. Sicre (1988). "Ultraviolet spectrum of chlorine perchlorate". J. Phys. Chem. 92 (2): 563–564. doi:10.1021/j100313a062.