China Grove (song)
"China Grove" is a song on the Doobie Brothers' 1973 album The Captain and Me. It was written and sung by original main singer/songwriter Tom Johnston. The song reached number 15 on the Billboard Hot 100. While there is a real China Grove, Texas, Johnston's lyrics about the community are fictional.
|Single by The Doobie Brothers|
|from the album The Captain and Me|
|Released||July 25, 1973|
|Studio||Warner Bros. Studios, North Hollywood, Los Angeles|
|Genre||Hard rock, country rock|
|The Doobie Brothers singles chronology|
Composition and recordingEdit
In 2010, examination of the master recording tape for the track by recording engineer Chris Baseford, revealed that, similar to most bands of the time, the band played together while tracking in the studio instead of overdubbing the instrumental elements; some guitar amp sound could be heard leaking into the drum tracks and some drum tracks leaking into the guitar track.
The production on the song was described as "pretty standard". Aside from the drums, panned slightly off center, there were some additional percussion, tambourine, and handclap overdubs. Baseford described the bass performance and sound on this song as "top notch" with Tiran Porter playing the melodic line using a pick and plugging directly into the mixing board.
Like many songs by Johnston, the music was composed and developed before the lyrics were written. It started with a guitar riff that he and drummer John Hartman developed into a jam with a chord structure. Johnston said that the lyrics were influenced by a piano part in the performance. According to Johnston, "...I really owe Billy Payne for the words because he played this wacky bridge that started the thinking process with this wacky sheriff, samurai swords, and all that."
The song is based on a real town in Texas. Johnston thought he had created a fictional town called "China Grove" near San Antonio and later learned it really exists from his cab driver in Houston.  Johnston later explained that the band had been on tour passing through the town of China Grove on the way to or from San Antonio, and he had seen a road sign with the name, but somehow had forgotten about it.
Even though the community's name is real, the lyrics composed by Johnston are not based on the actual population of the town. In the song, Johnston sings about "the sheriff and his buddies with their samurai swords" and the people "just keep on looking to the East." In reality, fewer than one-tenth of one percent of the residents own samurai swords.
- Stuyt, Chelsey (November 17, 2014). "The Doobie Brothers' 'Southbound' a Jukebox of Greatest Hits". Vancouver Weekly. Retrieved April 28, 2019.
- Spatz, David J. (April 29, 2010). "Listen to the Doobies". Atlantic City Weekly. Retrieved August 5, 2012.
- Chris Baseford June 16, 2010 (June 16, 2010). "Secrets of the Masters: The Doobie Brothers "China Grove"". Premierguitar.com. Retrieved November 26, 2015.
- Meeker, Ward (August 4, 2012). "Doobie Brothers: A Discussion with Tom Johnston and Patrick Simmons". Vintage Guitar. Retrieved August 5, 2012.
- , by Adam Reader, of Professor of Rock, 2018.
- Interview of Tom Johnston, by Carl Wiser, of Songfacts, October 8, 2009.
- "Item Display - RPM - Library and Archives Canada". Collectionscanada.gc.ca. 1973-10-27. Retrieved 2018-06-08.
- RPM Adult Contemporary, October 6, 1973
- [Joel Whitburn's Top Pop Singles 1955–2002]
- "Cash Box Top 100 10/20/73". 184.108.40.206. October 20, 1973. Archived from the original on April 5, 2016. Retrieved May 7, 2016.
- Canada, Library and Archives (July 13, 2017). "Image : RPM Weekly".
- Whitburn, Joel (1999). Pop Annual. Menomonee Falls, Wisconsin: Record Research Inc. p. 316. ISBN 978-0-89820-142-0.