Chimney Sweepers Act 1875

The Chimney Sweepers Act 1875 was an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom that superseded the Chimney Sweepers and Chimneys Regulation Act 1840 passed to try to stop child labour. The Bills proposed by Lord Shaftesbury, triggered by the death of twelve-year-old George Brewster whose master had caused him to climb and clean the chimney at Fulbourn Hospital.

Chimney Sweepers Act 1875[1]
Long titleAn Act for further amending the Law relating to Chimney Sweepers.
Citation38 & 39 Vict c 70
Territorial extent Did not extend to Scotland[2]
Royal assent11 August 1875
Commencement31 December 1875.[3]

The Chimney Sweepers Act 1875 was repealed for England and Wales by section 1(1) of the Chimney Sweepers Acts (Repeal) Act 1938 (1 & 2 Geo 6 c 58).

The 1840 Act prohibited any person under 21 being compelled or knowingly allowed to ascend or descend a chimney or flue for sweeping, cleaning or coring.[4] This Act ensured all chimney-sweeps would be registered with the police, and that official supervision of their work would take place.[5] The provisions of all previous acts would now take place.[6]

Further readingEdit


  1. ^ The citation of this Act by this short title was authorised by section 1 of this Act.
  2. ^ The Chimney Sweepers Act 1875, section 3
  3. ^ The Chimney Sweepers Act 1875, section 2
  4. ^ "History of the English Chimney Sweep". Archived from the original on 17 June 2012. Retrieved 23 June 2012.
  5. ^ "Children and Chimneys". UK Parliament. Retrieved 6 December 2016.
  6. ^ Strange 1982, p. 80