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The Children's Act, 2005 (Act No. 38 of 2005) is an act of the Parliament of South Africa that consolidates and reforms the law on matters related to children.[1] It deals with topics including the age of majority, paternity, custody, child support, guardianship, parenting plans, children's courts, circumcision, day care, child protection, foster care, group homes, adoption, surrogacy, child abduction, and trafficking of children.

Children's Act, 2005
CitationAct No. 38 of 2005
Enacted byParliament of South Africa
Assented to8 June 2006
Commenced1 July 2007 / 1 April 2010
Legislative history
BillChildren's Bill
Bill citationB70—2003
Bill published on11 November 2003
Introduced byZola Skweyiya, Minister of Social Development
Amended by
Children's Amendment Act, 2007
Child Justice Act, 2008
Status: In force

Contents

HistoryEdit

Due to large support, the South African government decided on a set of rules and regulations regarding the country's Minors. This was introduced to the public eye in June 2006. Because of the division of powers between the national and Provincial governments, the statute was enacted in two parts. The original act, which was promulgated on 19 June 2006, contained only the provisions dealing with matters falling within the exclusive responsibility of the national government.[2] The Children's Amendment Act, 2007, promulgated on 18 March 2008, amended the act to insert provisions dealing with matters for which the national and provincial governments share joint responsibility. Some provisions of the act, including the reduction of the age of majority from 21 to 18, came into force on 11 July 2007,[3] while the rest came into force on 1 April 2010. Currently, all revisions have been made and are fully in force.[4]

Rights givenEdit

In long text, it is an act to give effect to certain rights of children as contained in the Constitution; to set out principles relating to the care and protection of children; to define parental responsibilities and rights; to make further provision regarding children's courts; to provide for partial care of children; to provide for early childhood development; to provide for the issuing of contribution orders; to provide for prevention and early intervention; to provide for children in alternative care; to provide for foster care; to provide for child and youth care centres and drop-in centres; to make new provision for the adoption of children; to provide for inter-country adoption; to give effect to the Hague Convention on Inter-country Adoption; to prohibit child abduction and to give effect to the Hague Convention on International Child Abduction; to provide for surrogate motherhood; and to create certain new offences relating to children; and to provide for matters connected therewith.[5]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Children's Act, 2005" (PDF). Retrieved 27 November 2016.
  2. ^ "Government site" (PDF). www.gov.za. Retrieved 27 November 2016.
  3. ^ "Govt explains new Children's Act". www.southafrica.info. Retrieved 2016-10-29.
  4. ^ "Children's Act Explained" (PDF). unicef.org. Retrieved 27 November 2016.
  5. ^ "Children Act 38 Of 2005" (PDF).

External linksEdit