Child labour in Nigeria
Rape and forced sex are causes for stress and international concern. It had been estimated that child labour accounted for 22% of the workforce in Asia, 32% in Africa, 17% in Latin America, and 1% in the United States, Canada, Europe and other wealthy nations. Child labour in Nigeria is the employment of children under the age of 18 in a manner that restricts or prevents them from basic education and development. Child labour is pervasive in every state of the country. In 2006, the number of child workers was estimated at about 15 million.
Poverty is a major factor that drives child labour in Nigeria. In poor families, child labour is a major source of income for the family.
Nigeria is a male dominated society in which males are considered superior to their female counterpart.
UNICEF Nigeria is active for children's rights. Child workers include street vendors, shoe shiners, apprentice mechanics, carpenters, vulcanisers, tailors, barbers and domestic servants. Many working children are exposed to dangerous and unhealthy environments. In August, 2003, the Nigerian government formally adopted three International Labour Organization conventions setting a minimum age for the employment of children. The government also has implemented West African Cocoa Agriculture Project (WACAP). There is a similar incidence of child labour in rural and urban Nigeria.
The US Department of Labour in its 2010 report claims Nigeria is witnessing the worst forms of child labor, particularly in agriculture and domestic service. In rural areas, most children work in agriculture of products such as cassava, cocoa and tobacco. These children typically work long hours and for little pay, with their families. The report claims some children are exposed to pesticides and chemical fertilizers in cocoa and tobacco fields because of archaic farming practices or because they are deployed as forced labour without protective gear. Additionally, street children work as porters and scavengers, and a growing number of them engage in begging. The report claims commercial sexual exploitation of children, especially girls, is also occurring in some Nigerian cities, including Port Harcourt and Lagos.
There is trafficking of children in Nigeria. Child labour is more common among children of illiterates. On average, in the Southwestern zone of Nigeria, there is a higher work burden for working children. Boys tend to earn more. Girls' non-participation in schooling is more likely affected by parents' lack of interest than boys'. Non-participation in school is related to poverty. About one third of working children obtain no benefit from their employer. Child labour among pupils frequently impairs schooling.
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- "Information Sheet - Child Labour in Nigeria" (PDF). UNICEF. 2006.
- "Modern Day Child Labour in Nigeria". CNN. August 22, 2011. Archived from the original on March 4, 2016. Retrieved July 23, 2012.
- Hugh Hindman (18 December 2014). The World of Child Labor: An Historical and Regional Survey. Routledge. pp. 230–. ISBN 978-1-317-45386-4.
- Nwiro, Ebere (2010-08-03). "Nigeria: Child Labour - a Threat to Future". This Day (Lagos). Retrieved 2018-05-24.
- "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-06-26. Retrieved 2012-07-23.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "Country Report - Nigeria". United States Department of Labor. 2011.